All posts by Amir

Top 10 Countries with Best Road System

Travelling and tourism is always the favorite hobby for the people around the world. Whenever anyone plans to visit or tour a country, the first aspect which is observed is the road system of that country. If the road system is fine and smooth, obviously it will attract the tourists from around the world but if this system is bad, it would be a negative aspect for that country which will restrain the tourists from touring. If you are planning to visit any country, the list given below will assist you in choosing the right place to visit.
1. United Arab Emirates
UAE claims its rightful place at top in the list of countries with best road system. Due to the dry climate and fabulous funding by the government, the road system in UAE is considered to be the best in the world. The proper maintenance, clean environment and superb management have made United Arab Emirates the best place for travelling and tourism.


2. Portugal
Probably the perfect country for road trips, Portugal earns a worldwide popularity for its extremely well established infrastructure. Corresponding to continued efforts and generous funding by the European Union, Portugal’s hard work paid off reflecting the excellence and perfection of its roads.
3. Austria
Exceptional care and excellent safety measures by the Austrian government have made their Road network one of the best in the world. Offering great quality and care in travelling across the country, Austria is indeed one of the best choices for road trips.
4. France
Probably the country with most tolls on the road travelling, the French nation’s efforts and care in its maintenance is one appreciable factor. As they are famous for their sophistication, the French roads are smoother and perfectly stand up to one’s expectations.
5. Netherlands
The country with most smooth and dense road network, Netherlands earns a worldwide fame for its variety of roads including expressways, motorways, trunk roads as well as bicycle tracks too. Exquisite efforts have been put up by the government and traffic controlling department towards its development which has made the Dutch country; one of the considerable countries in the world for road trips.

6. Singapore
One of the fastest developing countries in terms of infrastructure development, the Singaporean roads are not only smoother but they are well regulated and joyful too. The ultimate funding and hard work by its government towards road quality and development has created a very fine and positive impression of the country towards the world.
7. Hong Kong
Hong Kong has been worldwide famous for its refined and well settled infrastructure from the beginning. Hong Kong is the ancestor in terms of infrastructure. Its all due to the colonized development as well as utmost funding with care and affection by the administrative department of the government. Be sure to forget the expectation of bumpy road when driving in Hong Kong.
8. Oman
The country facing the most hardships and difficulties in developing infrastructure due to rough shape, Oman’s efforts in building the roads is an appreciable fact. The country somehow managed to build smooth roads and has made itself ranked amongst the countries with best road system in the world.
9. Switzerland
The top ranked country in the world in terms of railroads, the Swiss nation has its fame for the outstanding and smooth infrastructure. The systematic system with emergency lanes and speed restrictions has made Switzerland an option for road trips.

10. Japan
Probably the most hard working and devoted country in the world in terms of infrastructure development, Japan has dedicated the best of potential towards road network. They have worked so hard to develop best infrastructure which anyone could only imagine in dreams. The quality of roads in Japan is top-notch and massive attraction for the road trip lovers around the world. Famous avenue to be checked out while travelling in Japan are Shutoko and Route 11.
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Top 10 Biggest Mosques in the World

Obviously no one in this world would be unfamiliar with the word “Mosque”. Whether they are Muslims or Non Muslims, everyone knows well about it. The place where Muslims offer their pray in-front of the Great Allah Almighty. The worshipping spot inaugurated by Allah Almighty at the beginning of this universe. Huge numbers of beautiful and large mosques are there in the world in different countries. The top 10 biggest mosques in the world are listed below along with their location and total worshipper accommodation.
1. Masjid Al Haram (Mecca, Saudi Arabia)
The most famous and largest mosque in the world, the Masjid Al Haram is situated in the Holy city of Mecca in KSA. Covering 88.2 acres of land area, the grand mosque can accommodate 2 million worshippers especially at the event of annual Hajj (Holy Islamic Event). This is termed as the biggest “Holy Spot” in the world  and will remain even after the doomsday.

2. Imam Raza (R.A) Shrine (Mashhad, Iraq)
Covering about 267,079 (meter square) land area, the shrine of Imam Raza (R.A) is the second biggest mosque in the world which has the accommodation facility of around 7,00,000 religious worshippers. The followers of Imam Raza (R.A) mostly offer their Holy prayers there in millions of numbers every year. The infrastructure includes an art gallery, graveyard, 4 seminaries, Razavi School of Islamic Sciences, wide prayer spots, cusine spot for the pilgrims and various other structures.
3. Al Masjid Al Nabawi (Madina, Saudi Arabia)
Globally known as the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W)’s mosque, the Masjid AL Nabawi is situated in the Holy city of Madina in KSA. The natural green dome of the mosque being the global recognition of it, the accommodation capacity counts up to 10, 00,000 Muslims. Covering 4,00,5000 meters square of land area, the Holy mosque Masjid Al Nabawi is the best place for the spiritual and mental purification. Possessing its own natural beauty and worth, this biggest mosque is the only reason why Allah created this whole universe.
4. Istiqlal Mosque (Jakarta, Indonesia)
The largest one in South East Asia, Istiqlal mosque is located in the capital city of Indonesia. With the total land area of 95,000 meter square, the mosque is large enough to accommodate a total of 1, 20,000 worshippers. Constructed especially to honor the freedom of Indonesia, the Masjid Istiqlal has its beauty and charm which will be eternal till the end of the world.

5. The Hassan II Mosque (Casablanca, Morocco)
Situated in Casablanca at the sea shore, the Hassan II Mosque has the highest minaret in the world. It has Stretched over 90,000 meters square of area which is largest enough to accumulate 105,000 worshippers at one holy place. The unique design was created by Bouygues whereas the French architect Michel Pinseau used Bouygues’s created design. Being among the significant and beautiful one, The Hassan II mosque is at number 5.
6. Faisal Mosque (Islamabad, Pakistan)
The Faisal mosque is situated in the northern area of the capital city is the most famous one in Pakistan. Completed in 1986, this grand masjid covers 43,295 meters square land area while giving the worshipping opportunity to 3, 00,000 Muslims. The beautiful design, infrastructure and charm clearly displays the global worth of Faisal Mosque.
7. Grand Masjid of Bahria Town (Lahore, Pakistan)
The wealthiest Pakistani personality, Mr. Malik Riaz inaugurated this one of the country’s largest mosque in his personally owned Bahria Town in Lahore. He laid its foundation after getting inspired from the Badshahi Mosque (Near the Pakistan Monument). It can accommodate 25,000 worshippers in the indoor area whereas 70,000 in the outer courtyard and corridor. It is one achievement for Malik Riaz as this grand mosque has been ranked at 7th in the world ranking.
8. Sheikh Zayed Mosque (Abu Dhabi, UAE)
Inaugurated by Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the huge mosque situated in Abu Dhabi is stretched over 22,000 meters square land area with the worshipping capacity of 40,000 Muslims. The beautiful structure and color scheme chosen to build it is one attractive aspect about it which makes it being the 8th biggest mosque in the world.

9. Jama Masjid (Delhi, India)
Being historically significant and famous, the Jama Masjid located in Delhi was built in the reign of Mughal Emperors. The globally renowned Mugal Emperor, Shah Jahan laid the design of the mosque. It has the accommodation for 25,000 worshippers at a time in a wide courtyard. Besides that, the mosque also homes several historical artifacts.
10. Baitul Mukarram (Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Completed in 1968, the grand Baitul Mukarram mosque is situated in the capital city, Dhaka. Spread around 21,000 meters square area, Baitual Mukarram allows the 40,000 worshippers to offer their prayers to Allah Almighty.
 
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Top 5 largest Libraries in the World


Considered to be the universe of information and knowledge, Libraries are the best companion especially for the students. Regardless of what’s the purpose of visiting, libraries would always be loved and liked by the people. Majority of the people use them for gathering the information and knowledge they been failed to acquire through other means. Whether it is for study, scientific researches, personal acquiring or whatever the purpose, this place is considered as largest hub of knowledge. Undoubtedly everyone would be pleased to know the 10 biggest libraries in the world which are listed as under.
1. Library of Congress (Washington D.C, USA)
The most featured library in Hollywood movies since its establishment, The Library of Congress is a universe of books from almost every language. The famous movie “National Treasure 2” featured this in most parts of the film and this is from where the beauty and elegance of this library can be estimated. Having over 30 million books, it is open to public but only highly ranked American officials are allowed to explore the books.
2. Institute for Scientific Information Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)
Probably the right place if one is looking for the information regarding nuclear power, linguistics and gen biology. The library holds largest stock of 13.5 million books and most of them are from the Russian scholars as well as research facilities. But to visit and explore the books, one needs to be a member of the institution so as to paving an easy way towards the hub of information in Russia. Currently there are about 500 members of the library having random membership levels.
3. National Library of China (Beijing, China)
Came into being in 1909, the NLC is historically very famous and significant. The ancient writings as well as documents make it historically significant and popular. Having around 26.3 million books from various collections including Chinese writings, antique documents as well as the writings from Qing Dynasty written on bones and tortoise shells make it one of the world’s largest libraries.

4. Harvard University Library (Massachusetts, USA)
Founded in 1638, the Harvard University Library is considered to be the oldest one of America with huge collection of private books. John Harvard laid the foundation of collection of books by being the first one to add to the library a collection of around 400. As the time went on, the collection raised to millions. After the incident of fire, huge collection of books burnt into ashes declining the massive stock to current 13 million. Regardless of that, the Harvard University Library holds books regarding each and every topic.
5. National Library of Canada (Ottawa, Canada)
Established in 1953, the Library of Canada was founded with the mission to preserve the heritage of Canada in the form of texts, documents, pictures and various writings regarding the country’s history and culture. Even the one can also find the North American books there; the library is a strong contender to be ranked amongst largest in the world. You will be requiring the permission from the officials along with some special visit privileges as various books are kept inside the locked vaults. If someone is addicted to reading and exploring the historical books, the National Library of Canada is the right place for them.

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The World’s 10 Largest Weapon Manufacturing Companies


The craze and attraction towards latest arms among people in the world is increasing rapidly due to advanced technologies and glamorous improvements. People who are obsessed with latest arms remain in touch with each and every latest update on weapon manufacturing advancements. These advancements have made today’s arms more lethal, precise and more attractive than ever. The up to date advanced mechanism has also played a vital and significant role towards national defense of various countries in the world. Varieties of companies in the world are famous for weapon productions which are also exported worldwide. They hold a strong and effective name in the arms industry from which the top 10 rated arms manufacturing companies are listed below along with their statistics. The given stats are from the year 2013.

The World’s 10 Largest Weapon Manufacturing Companies

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Which Countries Have the Most Catholics Now ?


The world is full of people belonging to various religions, casts or creeds. Depending on the beliefs and religious traditions, people have adopted various religions corresponding to their ancestors. Few of the significant religions in the world include Islam, Christianity, Jewish and etc. The percentage of Catholicism in the world is comparatively high and they are in majority. About half of the total population in the world belongs to Catholic beliefs that are called the Christians. The followers of Jesus (Hazrat Eesa (R.A) in Islam) are basically the catholic people. Christianity has been the most dominant in terms of total religious population. but the Islamic religion is the strongest and powerful of all of them. The usual events in Christianity include Easter, Christmas Day and various others like these. The fasting period of Christians is a 24 hour period in which they spend the time without eating or drinking something just for the sake of Jesus.
From time to time, the percentage of Catholic population has increased tremendously. From the Pew Research Center report in 2010, the total catholic population has increased to a great margin. Over the past century, Catholics population has increased by three time, from an estimated 291 million in 1910 to nearly 1.1 billion as of 2010. Catholics still comprise about half (50%) of Christians worldwide and 16% of the total global population. By 2010, by contrast, only about a quarter of all Catholics (24%) were in Europe. The largest share (39%) was in Latin America and the Caribbean. In several countries with large Catholic populations, the share of the populace identifying as Catholic has declined over the last decade. Brazil has the largest Catholic population in the world having two-third self-identified Catholics in 2010. Mexico, the country with the second-largest Catholic population in the world with 85% adherents in 2010. Given below is the ten countries which have most catholic population in 2010.

Rank Country Total Catholic Population Catholic Population Percentage Percentage of World’s Catholic Population
1 Brazil 126,750,000 65 11.7
2 Mexico 96,450,000 85 8.9
3 Philippines 75,57,000 81 7
4 United States 75,380,000 24.3 7
5 Italy 49,170,000 81.2 4.6
6 Colombia 38,100,000 82.3 3.5
7 France 37,930,000 60.4 3.5
8 Poland 35,310,000 92.2 3.3
9 Spain 34,670,000 75.2 3.2
10 Congo 31,210,000 47.3 2.9


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Ten Countries with Highest Number of Christians

Christians are by far the world’s largest religious group who are also geographically widespread – so far-flung, in fact, that no single country or region can indisputably claim to be the center of global Christianity. They form a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories, about two-thirds of all the countries and territories in the world. About 90% of Christians live in countries where they are in the majority; only about 10% of them worldwide live as minorities. It is estimated that nearly 2.18 billion catholic population are spread over 200 countries around the world, accounted for nearly a third of the estimated 2010 global population of 6.9 billion.

The number of Christians around the world has nearly quadrupled in the last 100 years, from about 600 million in 1910 to more than 2 billion in 2010. However Christianity’s share of the world’s population remained almost same since the world’s population increased proportionally. Although Europe and the Americas still are home to a majority of the world’s Christians (63%). Today, countries with highest population of catholic are American where 37% adherents are residing. while, only about a quarter of them live in Europe (26%). About one in every four Christians lives in sub-Saharan Africa (24%), and about one-in-eight is found in Asia and the Pacific (13%).

Almost half (48%) of all Christians live in the 10 countries with the largest number of Christians. The three countries with their highest populations – the United States, Brazil and Mexico – are in the Americas. Together, these three countries alone account for nearly one in every four Christians in the world (24%). Two are in Europe (Russia and Germany), two are in the Asia-Pacific region (the Philippines and China), and three are in sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia), reflecting Christianity’s global reach. Brazil has world’s highest population of Christians, having more than twice as many Catholics as Italy. Listed below are ten countries with the largest number of Christians.

Ten Countries with Highest Number of Christians

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Ten Biggest Lending Countries of the World


Countries with largest positive “Net International Investment Position” are considered as biggest lenders which significantly outflows its resources to foreign nations to gain returns on its unused funds.Surplus in budgets largely insists authorities to make foreign direct investment to take advantage of spared resources. Large current account surplus lead to largest positive international investment positions while deficit current account results in reduction of NIIP. Moderate to relatively large surpluses is necessary are all these countries for gradual induction to the list of biggest lending countries.
The Net International Investment Position (NIIP) is the difference of foreign assets owned by domestic residents and domestic assets owned by foreigners. As we discussed above, Countries with a positive NIIP are considered to be creditor nations. The table below help visualize the ten biggest creditor’s countries with highest positive NIIPs. All figures have been adjusted to nominal US dollars.

Rank Country External Assets (in Millions) External Liabilities (in Millions) NIIP (in USD) Per Capita (in USD) As of
1 Japan JPY 950,403,000 JPY 602,860,000 2,839,186,016,627 22,365 Jun. 2015
2 Germany EUR 7,894,500 EUR 6,491,700 1,561,568,904,000 19,209 Jun. 2015
3 China USD 6,433,693.033849 USD 4,969,705.434331 1,463,987,599,518 1,070 Jun. 2015
4 Hong Kong HKD 35,130,704 HKD 27,340,262 1,005,012,132,995 137,699 Jun. 2015
5 Taiwan USD 1,619,484 USD 662,792 956,692,000,000 40,825 Dec. 2014
6 Norway NOK 12,406,252 NOK 6,612,862 736,343,670,006 141,893 Jun. 2015
7 Switzerland CHF 4,086,728 CHF 3,414,062 718,436,595,499 86,771 Jun. 2015
8 Singapore SGD 3,959,038.6 SGD 3,182,787.6 576,182,982,861 147,637 Jun. 2015
9 Netherlands EUR 7,402,047 EUR 6,962,383.4 489,425,171,520 28,919 Jun. 2015
10 Russia USD 1,225,497 USD 944,365 281,132,000,000 1,922 Jun. 2015


The world’s largest debtor is now the world’s largest creditor. Japan’s debt-to-GDP ratio is nearly 230%, the worst of any major country in the world. Yet Japan remains the world’s largest creditor country, with net foreign assets of $2.8 trillion. China and Germany are effectively listed amongst the biggest lending countries with the largest NIIP which means the value of its domestically owned assets is less than its liabilities to foreign investors.
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The Biggest Borrower Countries in the World


The most wealthy and financially countries in the world are the most in-debited nations that are not dependent on external funds or investments. They use and generate their own resources to meet the financial needs and are independent of International aids or funds. But that’s not the case with most of the nations in the world today as the international funds (mostly from International Monetary Fund) are necessary for them to keep their economical health. Debtor nations refer to the countries with cumulative deficit in balance of payments. They don’t have enough internal resources to generate enough revenue. Those countries are then become debited and slave to international resources which results in more payback then what they actually borrowed corresponding to international interest rates. The situation leads to inflation within the country making the lives of disabled, difficult to surf. It is being reported that most part of the Asian continent is the most debited in the world. That may be due to less internal resources and less motivation in their citizens for hard work or suffering hardships. The below given table describes the largest debtor nations in the world according to report generated in 2011 by International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Rank Country External Debt (% of GDP) Gross External Debt (In US$) GDP (2011 Estimated in Billion US$) External Debt Per Capita (In US$)
1 Ireland 1239 2.26 Trillion 182.1 478,087
2 United Kingdom 451.4 10.175 Billion 2.25 161,110
3 Switzerland 391.3 133.2 Billion 340.5 174,022
4 Netherlands 367 2.590 Trillion 705.7 154,820
5 Belgium 353.7 1.457 Trillion 412 139,613
6 Denmark 283.2 591.4 Billion 208.8 106,680
7 Hong Kong 265.7 939.83 Billion 353.7 131,380
8 Sweden 262.3 995.2 Trillion 379.4 109,318
9 France 254.4 5.632 Trillion 2.21 (Trillion) 85,824
10 Norway 246.9 653.29 Billion 264.5 138,783


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Ten Countries/Organizations with the Most Satellites


In the 50 years since satellites first went into orbit, Communication system evolved a lot that bring us much closer to each other to make our planet a global village. We can’t underestimate the importance of satellite technology in providing vital communication to today’s world. From weather forecasting to television broadcasting to travel guide to linking remote areas, satellites are making our life much easier. Most of communications around the world are covered through them and considered as the most vital part of fastest communication in the world. There are many purpose for which they are launched but mostly they are used for communication, observation, weather, research, navigation and defense. Exchange of data between users, countries or organizations is served through them corresponding to their range and angle. Mobile networks, Internet, Intranet, IP Telephony, GPS and all other communication types are operated through them.
There are three kinds of orbits namely Lower Earth, Medium Earth and Geostationary in which satellites move and revolve around the earth to serve uninterrupted communication. Until now, around 6600 satellites have been launched in the world from which the 3600 have been able to stay in their respective orbits. From these 3600, nearly thousand are currently operational and serving the worldwide communication. Among these 1000, 500 are orbiting in Lower Earth orbit, 50 in Medium Earth orbit (about 20000 Km) and the rest ones are in geostationary orbit (about 36000 Km).

Russia has always been the leading country in artificial satellite manufacturing and its deployment and will continue to do due to exceptional dominance and leading instinct in this department. It has most operational satellites of total 3488, followed by USA and China. To know about which country has the most satellites in the world, we have a list below containing statistics from year 2015.

Rank Country/ Organization Deployed Spacecrafts Lower-Earth Orbit Spacecraft Medium-Earth Orbit Spacecraft GEO Spacecraft Others
1 Russia 3488 3057 187 154 90
2 United States 2137 1345 142 187 463
3 China 244 176 7 55 6
4 Japan 197 109 4 53 31
5 Globalstar 84 82 2 0 0
6 INTELSA 81 1 2 72 6
7 European Space Agency 71 31 18 8 14
8 India 71 36 2 31 2
9 France 69 46 1 11 11
10 Germany 64 5 1 6 7


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Largest Ship Manufacturing Countries in the World


In the era of cutting-edge technology, industrial development has got much more importance over agricultural development as the basis for growth, forcing every agricultural country to make a shift to industrialization for high economic growth. Shipbuilding is one of most vital part to accelerate the pace of economic growth of any country which involves construction of ships and other water floating vessels in a specially designed facility known as the Ship Yard or Ship Wright. Usually the term of Naval Engineering refers to the manufacturing or repairing of ships (both military and commercial) as the naval engineers are the basic root of this sector. The department not only strengthens the overall defense of naval force of any nation but also contributes handsomely towards increasing the revenue of the country. New ideas, concepts, developments, improvements, advancements and latest work strategies are applied at ship yards to ensure the construction of up to date and advanced war ships, boats, carriers, battleships, under water floating vessels as well as the surveillance and commercial ships. Various countries in the world have established big shipbuilding yards from where huge numbers of ships are constructed annually. The advanced mechanics and robotics in these ship yards make it easy for them to construct huge number of ships in a matter of short period.
 
In 2012, nearly 3,655 ships were produced globally, the most of which were manufactured in China, South Korea and Japan. The world’s largest shipyards include South Korea’s Hyundai Heavy Industries, Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and China’s Shanghai Waigaoqiao. Many countries have been dominant in various years in shipbuilding sector which also earned them worldwide popularity but the top countries with largest shipbuilding are tabulated below. The statistics were taken after the report concluded in 2014.

Ten Largest shipbuilding countries in 2014, based on completions in gross tonnage

Ranking Country Gross Tonnage Production 2014 (In Thousands)
1 China 22,682
2 South Korea 22,455
3 Japan 13,421
4 Philippines 1,878
5 Taiwan 600
6 Germany 519
7 Vietnam 375
8 Romania 326
9 Italy 312
10 U.S 293


Undoubtedly, China is the country with largest ship manufacturing in the world. The total gross tonnage of 22,682 make China dominate all others in the list of top shipbuilding nations. Probably the most hardworking and devoted nation in the world, China takes a well deserved spot at top and will continue to be so in future.

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