Category Archives: Health

Top 10 Drugs and Medicine Exporting Countries

To ensure the perfection of health, medicine and drugs are necessary to overcome the diseases and viruses attacking the human body. Medicine and drugs are prepared using natural elements and plants as well as the venoms of snakes and other poisonous reptiles. These are mixed up with various other elements in chemical mixture to produce a medicine of specific kind. The production of medicines and drugs in any country not only ensures the complete healthy life but also adds handsome amount to national economy if exported at competitive prices. Vast numbers of medicine and drug manufacturers are established in the world like Bayer, Pfizer, Glaxo Smith Kline and etc. They continue to apply modern and advanced chemical formulas and techniques to produce effective and curing medicines and drugs.


Medicine production has grown four times from 1985 to 1999 and is mostly concentrated in industrialized countries. China and India offer lower-price medicines and rapidly expanding its export with its global competitive prices. High-income countries are world’s leader in world pharmaceutical industry(by value)  with share increased from 89.1% in 1985 to 92.9% in 1999. The combined share of middle- and low-income countries decreased from 10.9% to 7.1% over the same period. Two-thirds of the value of medicines produced globally is accounted for by firms with headquarters in just five countries – the USA, Japan, Germany, France and the UK. Production and export is also concentrated in a few key products and in a relatively small number of companies, which often have factories and offices in many countries. Several countries are dominant in medicine manufacturing which export them as well.

Germany, Switzerland and Belgium have highest share in world’s export of drugs and medicine. Given below is a list which illustrates ten largest drugs and medicines exporting countries as per 2013 statistics.

Rank Country Total Medicine and Drug Exports (In US$) Share of World’s Total Exports
1 Germany 51,443,530,000 15.2%
2 Switzerland 35,460,378,000 10.5%
3 Belgium 30,380,872,000 9%
4 France 25,725,384,000 7.6%
5 United States 24,350,571,000 7.2%
6 United Kingdom 23,302,700,000 6.9%
7 Italy 22,069,780,000 6.5%
8 Ireland 19,662,219,000 5.8%
9 Netherlands 16,029,190,000 4.7%
10 India 10,302,730,000 3.1%


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Most Drug Addicted Countries in the World


We humans are always mad when it comes to needs, shares (individual/personal) and consumption. People around the world consume almost everything to live, enjoy, live, relax, recreate, rejoice and get relieved (indubitably or apparently). We in our lives always have a tilt towards pleasures and toxic attitude. Consuming, eating, chewing, sniffing and injecting good, bad, worst and legal/illegal etc in whatsoever quantity/dose doesn’t bother us much. Though there are some who use brain before making an attempt to lose it but a large number is not adverse to this type of limitation or safer use.
We are ravenously after their daily dose rather abuse – they are no less than a food to many in the world.

There must always has to be a line between use and addiction. Fair consumption is most of the times unproblematic. It is always the overdose, misuse rather abuse that causes the vulnerabilities and negativeness associated with the drugs. By drug, particularly in the context of article, it is pointed to the recreational drugs which has nothing to with the medicinal uses e.g. alcohol, caffeine, opiates, nicotine, amphetamine and others. Recreational drugs are on many times the destructive ones and a sample to do ample. These drugs causing addiction fall in the category of Narcotics.

An estimated 120,000 tons of caffeine is consumed across the world every year. Carbonated drinks, alcohol and nicotine are the other significant and widely consumed and socially acceptable items. The mind-altering substances are used in varying proportions in different countries around the world, the darker side of the story is the drugs related to opiates and likes of it such as heroin, morphine, methamphetamine and cocaine. The extreme association of addicts with these drugs was reported in World Drugs report that revealed about 230 million people in different regions across the globe are involved in the notorious business of narcotics, consuming the poison in different available forms. Out of 230, the report states 27 million were the ‘problem drug users’, abusing cocaine and heroin. Now this is 0.6% of world’s population (one in every 200).

The mood-enhancers and illicit drug use differs in different regions of the world, their usage proportions, abuse, consumption and popularity is varying depending on factors like cost, cultural values, production, ease of access and availability. The prevalence and consumption of the illicit material is into all the cultures, nations and surrounds around different demographics. Here is the list of ten countries with extreme drug addiction based on prevalence, Global Drug Surveys and sources such as World Drug report.

10. Mexico

Meth addiction in Mexico is the epic epidemic faced by the country. Famous for the notorious rather lucrative drug cartels and known for the major exporter of a number of drugs, the Latin region is a powerhouse when it comes to meth production. The number of national addicts is growing at a rapid pace, a survey conducted in 2012 showed that around 360,000 subjects in the country have used methamphetamine for at least once. Mexico is at 10 with meth usage reaching 3.9% per capita.

9. Brazil

The outbreak of Oxi is a decades long problem for Brazilians. Oxi comprising cocaine, gasoline, paste, calcium oxide and kerosene is highly both addictive and adhesive. The 4.29% per capita consumption of highly hallucinogenic material is aided by the domestic markets, as the Oxi is produced by the country itself. Oxidado or rust being powerful and cheap than cocaine is sadly greatly popular among the Brazilians.

8. United States

The habitual abuse of sleeping pills in US is the most alarming and continuously escalating mess. With more than half on two different drugs, 7 out of 10 Americans are found helpless against at least one prescription pill. The pills exploit by the users are mainly for chronic conditions such as heart problems and diabetes followed by anti-depressants and opioids. Within the space of few years the prescription abuse has been shoot-up from 44% to 48% and will tend to rise because of the social and economic pressures faced by Americans. The nation is devouring prescription pills at a rate of no less than 6.2% per capita.

7. Canada

Canada is among the developed nations facing this kind of worriment. The 6.4% per capita expenditure of Marijuana is impressive enough to place the country on #7. The innocuous pot use is the trouble faced by the Canadians. 44.3% of the British Columbia’s population has used cannabis for at least once in their lives. It is quite notable that the consumption of pot has experienced a significant decrease over last decade, the only alarming facts reported were about the consistency in the age of initiation, averaged around fifteen years. The pot usage reported in 2011 was 39.4% well down form the 44.5% of 2004. The strange policy to decriminalize the individual usage may be the only or only viable option for the government to counter the botheration in a country housing 22,3000 regular pot users.

6. Afghanistan

The most infamous equally lethal of all the drugs has put Afghans on #6 in the lists. 6.9% per capita is telling the story of another war that Afghans have to fight in order to survive. Afghanistan is the leading producer and promoter of infamous poppy opium. A study conducted between 2009 and 2012 showed around 350,000 afghans addicted to the most damaging drug. About 50% of the parents caged in the trouble passed the plague to their offspring. The upsetting statics in the country hit by wars seem never ending; At least one million Afghans citizens are addicted to the most potent toxic which makes nearly 8% of the overall population. The ease of access, limited access to treatment in a country which is consistent on turbulence and trauma created by war are the major factors depressing the country.

5. Russia

With devouring Alcohol at a rate of 7.1% per capita, predominantly vodka is excessively intensifying the Russians to get close to Afghans at least once more. The Alcoholic life style and as said by researcher Prof. David Zaridze “They binge drink! …. that’s the main problem; this is the nation’s lifestyle that needs to change.” The unfortunate and hard to swallow truth is that out of the 25% Russian men who don’t reach their fifty-five are mostly those poisoned by alcohol. Liver disease and accidents under alcohol’s influence are the core factors contributing to the premature death of adults.

4. Slovakia

The solvent abuse is an enormous worry for the country, reaching at #4 because of the toluene, a colorless death to its victim. The inhalants consumed at a percentage of 13.01 per capita. The exact reasons for this unusual high average as compared to the world’s general stats are as unclear as toluene – a thinner like substance causing death of many,most of which are first time users.

3.France

France has worryingly the same issue as west by the US. The high usage of 13.02% per capita is giving the story. The ease of access and relative cheap prescription prices than that of America makes the European country more aggravated to the disease. The relatively high prescription abuse shows that a typical medication costs in US around $133 which is no less than $57 in France when exchanged with Euro. Benzodiazepines, buprenorphine and methadone are the most abused medications in the country.

2. UK

The UK corresponds to the Russia but is getting the second rank because of the alcohol consumption rate of 13.65% per capita. Out of 1.6 million solely in England prone to the potent only 6.4% will bother accessing treatment. The Kingdom like Russia is also widely stereotyped as binge drinking country where the culture is widely accepted, however, it is hard to believe that the drink is neither healthy nor innocuous showing a dramatic neutrality as compared to Russia. About 52% of men and 53% of women in the Kingdom drink above than recommended amounts for at least once in the typical week. It is never too late to mend, the nation should now concern about it before the facing averse.

1. Iran

Heroin inhaled and injected at 14.32% per capita is is the root cause that has plagued and infected the revolutionized Islamic Republic from years. Sadly the country bordering Afghanistan is a transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin to European markets. Over 40% of the prisoners convicted in the country are behind the bars for drug related offenses. The reports show that more than 3,500 police and security officers have lost their lives in the face-offs and expeditions fighting drugs and drug dealers/smugglers. The annual damage done to the national economy is $8.5 billion. The money earned annually in the dirty trade amounts to 10 trillion tourmans as reported by government of Iran. Opium and Heroin are the epidemics that have plagued the country for decades. Maximum drug users in Iran have addiction to opium. Facing the worst sanctions until now the country has very little amounts of money to tackle the trouble. Iran has none of its indigenous or home grown opium, the toxic crop is brought from the neighboring Afghanistan. The reports revealed in 2006 showed that 53% of the opium produced in the drug heaven Afghanistan left the country through Iran. Despite all the difficulties, the nation is leading the fight against narcotics and is the also ranked #1 when it comes to worlds total opium seizures, intercepting and blocking about 85% of the world’s total opium.
The Iranian anti-narcotics force is one of the worlds most active force against drug mafias, seizing about 340 tons of illicit items from year 2009-2010. Increasing the number of cops on southeastern border, enforcing laws and executing those found guilty of drug trafficking has been effective so far. 300 hangings in 2011 were related to drug trafficking on a large scale. According to a report given by Amnesty around 694 people were granted gallows from January 1 to July 15 of the current year (2015) not much less than 743 in 2014. “The number of executions in Iran is high because 74% of those executed are traffickers in large quantities of opium from Afghanistan bound for European markets,” said Mohammad Javad Larijani, head of Iran’s Supreme Council for Human Rights, during a press conference in May 2011. The amount of money allotted to the war against drug is so tiny that the budget for the UN drug office has been increased to just over $13 million in the period of four years. The improved measures such as better border control and others are doing good but still there is miles to done.

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Which Countries have Highest Rates Of Ebola


The deadliest and largest Ebola epidemic in history is highly affecting the poorest countries of Africa that was first found in Guinea in December 2013 and now it has since spread to several West African countries. Substantial efforts have been made in all WHO Regions to improve Ebola readiness to fight with worse epidemics and now most cases of Ebola has been contained, with no further spread in other societies. Most affected Countries from Ebola virus experiences highest fatality rate of 70%. Its symptoms are quite same as malaria and only few testing centers, which are equipped to perform PCR or ELISA tests, can diagnosis the patients suffering from Ebola. The number of people affected and of the geographical magnitude of the outbreak is quite difficult to tell since most patent dies at home due to distant healthcare centers in poorest countries of Africa. Extreme poverty, highest illiteracy rate and dysfunctional healthcare system all causing delay in responding to the outbreak are the most possible cause of failure to control the epidemic but now Officials are now planning to rapidly isolating patients to prevent Ebola transmission in communities.

The three poorest countries which have highest rate of Ebola epidemics are Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. CDC estimates that condition is more worse in three most affected countries than recorded and cases are expected to be two to three times higher than officially reported numbers.

Country Cases Deaths Date of Information
Liberia 8,478 3,605 18 January 2015
Sierra Leone 10,340 3,145 18 January 2015
Guinea 2,871 1,876 18 January 2015
Nigeria 20 8 outbreak ended 19 October 2014
Mali 8 6 outbreak ended 18 January 2015
United States 4 1 outbreak ended 21 December 2014
United Kingdom 1 0 18 January 2015
Senegal 1 0 outbreak ended 17 October 2014
Spain 1 0 outbreak ended 2 December 2014
Source: WHO


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Which Countries Have the Highest and Lowest Cancer Rates?


Cancers is the most lethal disease that poses highest risk to life worldwide. In 2012, it became reason of death of 8.2 million people , with approximately 14 million new cases recorded. Tobacco use is the most leading factor for cancer  while high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity and alcohol are also amongst major causes. According to WHO, about 30% of cancer deaths could be prevented by modifying or avoiding key risk factors. High-income countries tend to have higher levels of obesity and alcohol consumption and lower levels of physical activity, consequently cancer rate goes highest there whereas low-income countries have lowest rate because citizens there are less obsolete due to hardworking and consume little to no alcohol.
Below are countries with the 10 highest and 10 lowest cancer rates:

Source : World Cancer Research Fund


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Top 10 Cleanest Countries in the World

With the passage of time, world is getting advanced but at the cost of immense pollution due to carbon emission from industries and automobiles. In today’s world, Improved science gives us a better understanding of the linkage between pollution and human health, and to deal with . Keeping whole country clean is no small challenge especially when we talk about major metropolitan cities it seems impossible. Nations that maintain a balance between population and sanitation and do hard work are most likely to be called cleanest and most efficient countries. Today, world is confronting big challenge of the greenhouse effects, and it has polluted environment to such an extent that survival of human life is in danger, that inducing a need for all countries are come together and working collaboratively to overcome a range of environmental threats, from declining fishing stocks to global warming. Scientists have highly recommended that environmental laws be regulated to save environment. Europe has done that, while other countries have been stuck  and completed failed to take significant measures to minimize this rapidly growing issue. Protecting forests and maintaining rich biodiversity are mostly listed in top ten cleanest nations since both lures for ecotourists but it doesn’t mean that these are also top most beautiful countries in the world. Economies are also handicapped if there is lack of cleanest environment; suffer from scant and poor-quality manpower or being affected by depleted fishing stocks and weakened agriculture sector.

Yale University’s Center for Environmental Law and Policy introduced the EPI index to reveal the top ten cleanest countries in the world, and give helpful guide to concerned authorities to improve their own environments and the health of their citizens. This is the broad evaluation of ecosystem, health of fisheries, the quantity of greenhouse gases and the diversity of its plants and animals in the country. According to this index, the cleanness of developed countries is better than rest of the world because of low population and vast open spaces, beautiful forests and comparatively much better fresh air. Most European countries are amongst the list of top ten environmental performers since Europe has the infrastructure to efficiently treat waste water and supply cleanest drinking water to its citizens and, decreasing the possibility that Europeans will be affected from waterborne disease. We found beauty everywhere in these countries, having quality of fresh air, perfect outdoor spaces, and the cleanest cities that why Europe always ranks in top ten in EPI’s environmental health index, which calculates the consequences of pollution on human wellbeing. To further shed some more light on this prominent issue, the following is the top 10 cleanest countries in the world.

Rank Country Environmental Performance Index 2014
1. Switzerland 87.67
2. Luxembourg 83.29
3. Australia 82.40
4. Singapore 81.78
5. Czech Republic 81.47
6. Germany 80.47
7. Spain 79.79
8. Austria 78.32
9. Sweden 78.09
10. Norway 78.04

Switzerland is the world’s cleanest country with an overall EPI score of 87.67 out of 100. It is home to the cleanest water and air in the world. The dense forests, ample wildlife and safe and clean water are some key factors to be ranked at top of EPI ranking. Switzerland has many famous majestic landscapes, making it a tourist dreamland.

Source : Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy

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Top 10 Countries with Lowest Infant Mortality Rates in the World

Infant mortality is the growing problem of today’s world, engulfing the large number of children at early stage of their life. Demise before hitting the age of one, termed as Infant mortality, mostly caused by weakness at birth and diarrhea, is increasing in most least developed countries. A latest statistics shows that 4.6 million (74% of all under-five deaths) occurred within the first year of life in 2013. Globally, the infant mortality rate has declined from a 63 to 34 deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 2013. Annual infant’s deaths have decreased from 8.9 million in 1990 to 4.6 million in 2013. Several developed countries have lowest infant’s mortality rate where few number of deaths occurs annually. The infant death rate in the WHO European region is 5 times lower than that in the WHO African countries. The economically poorest nations with marginalized populations are bearing the heaviest burden of highest infant’s deaths rates. Great decline in infant mortality rate is seen in countries which already have lowest rates.  It is clearly evident that death risk is higher if birth weights is lower, and most common factors involved in low birth weight are socio-economic, psychological and environmental. The lowest mortality rates occur among babies weighing 3 kg to 3.5 kg.  The longer the birth space, the lower the risk for mortality. Births space of 3 years is the best approach to have healthy baby to lower the mortality risk.   Females, biologically, have lower risk of death than males. Paying attention on controlling preterm and low birth weight can be helpful in attaining lowest infant death in the country. A latest research by The Economist reveals that economic slowdowns lessen the level of air pollution, which leads to a lower child mortality rate.  To further shed some light on this prominent issue, the following list ranks the countries with the lowest infant’s mortality rates in the world.

Top Ten Countries with Lowest Infant Mortality Rate

Rank Country (Infant’s deaths/1,000 live births) 2014 estimate
1. Monaco 1.81
2. Japan 2.13
3. Norway 2.48
4. Singapore 2.53
5. Sweden 2.60
6. Czech Republic 2.63
7. Iceland 3.15
8. France 3.31
9. Italy 3.31
10. Spain 3.33
Monaco was ranked first with the lowest infant mortality rate of 1.81 per 1, 000 live births
Source: CIA Factbook,WHO

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Top 10 Countries with Higest Life Expectancy Rates in the world

Enjoying life for long duration is the desire of every person in the world but you can’t expect to have longest life if you are living in a country where healthcare facilities and diet quality is not optimum. Life expectancy is mostly referred as estimated life duration of person at birth, calculated by averaging mortality at all ages therefore it is sharply affected by infants death rate. Disparities in life expectancy indicate the need for better medical care or increased social service. Industrialized countries with equality of wealth and social services have longest life expectancy than unequal countries similarly; nations with better economic conditions and quality of food are enjoying highest life expectancy. It is also taken as important factors in measuring the Human Development Index (HDI) of each country, along with adult literacy, education, and overall well being. In general, females have longer life expectancy than men. It is worthwhile tool in figuring out the expected return on investment in human capital. This figure clearly describes the physical quality of life while figuring out the value of a life insurance policy sold against cash consideration. High infant mortality and deaths in young adulthood from accidents, epidemics, plagues and wars results in low LEB in some African countries whereas advanced nation have longest life expectancy as a result highest proportion of old people is found there. Let’s take a look of top 10 Countries with Highest Expectancies.

Top 10 Countries with Highest Life Expectancy in the World



Monaco has highest life expectancy. The country’s employment rate is 100% and poverty is negligible and GDP per capita is highest in the world so people easily manage to pay for expensive medical treatment. Their diet mostly includes seafood, the healthiest diets on planet.
Source: CIA Factbook, 2014 estimate

 

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Top 10 Countries with Highest Infant Mortality Rates

Having children is the biggest gift of nature that provides immense happiness at every stage of life. None wants to lose their infants and always keep trying to save them at any cost but it isn’t easy to save of infants since their immune system is too weak to fight with horrible world of diseases. According to estimate, ten million infants and children die annually worldwide before reaching age of five and 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries.  And 86% of these deaths are due to infections, premature births, complications during delivery, and parental asphyxia and birth injuries. Low birth weight makes up 60–80% of the infant mortality rate in least developed countries where financial and material resources are limited and having culture of high tolerance to high number of infant deaths. Environmental and social boundaries reduce access to basic medical facilities and thus contribute to a growing infant mortality rate in most countries.  Other causes of highest mortality are low literacy level of mother, harsh environmental conditions, cheap medical facilities, poor sanitation system, less access to clean drinking water and lack of immunization against infectious diseases. The most prevalent factor involved in high children death rate is dehydration from diarrhea, a preventable disease. Infant mortality rate is the reflection of the country’s health and social condition, mostly taken as an important tool to draw conclusion on the level of socioeconomic disparity within a country.   It is found that a diminishment in infant mortality is a challenging issue in which many factors-social, economic and racial-are involved. Following table will let you know the top ten countries having the largest mortality rates in the world.

Top Ten Countries with Highest Mortality Infant Rate

Rank Country (Infant’s deaths/1,000 live births) 2014 estimate
1. Afghanistan 117.23
2. Mali 104.34
3. Somalia 100.14
4. Central African Republic 92.86
5. Guinea-Bissau 90.92
6. Chad 90.30
7. Niger 86.27
8. Angola 79.99
9. Burkina Faso 76.80
10. Nigeria 74.09
Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate in the world. Afghan do not have access to any type of medical services, About 85% of the country’s population live 3-4 hours away from health care centers. Literacy rate is too low nearly 15 % of Afghan women are literate and 70% of school age girls do not attend classes for several reasons that contributing to world’s highest infant mortality within the country.
Source: CIA Factbook

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Top 10 Countries with Lowest Life Expectancy


Sensible people understand the value of life and consistently make an effort to lower the risk associated with life and to become strong and healthy for making the most of every single moment for longer duration. Life expectancy is described as estimated average number of years of one’s life at their birth in a particular region or country provided mortality at each age remains constant in the future.. Many aspects such as mortality rates, healthcare systems, diet standard and economic issue are brought into consideration while making such estimates since all these factors somehow affect the health of people. Since life expectancy is the average of mortality at all ages therefore it is largely affected by children death rate. Developing countries are facing challenges of highest death rate as a result life expectancy is lowest there.  People of Monaco can expect the longest expected life of 90 years while least developed countries of Africa have world’s highest mortality rate and lowest life expectancy. When its come to whole world estimation, it is generally observed that Men live shorter than women. To shed some on our topic, here we have list of countries with the least life expectancy, based on CIA factbook.

Top Ten countries with Lowest Life Expectancy at Birth 2014

Rank Country No. Of Expected
Years of life
1. Chad 49.44
2. South Africa 49.56
3. Guinea-Bissau 49.87
4. Afghanistan 50.49
5. Swaziland 50.54
6. Central African Republic 51.35
7. Somalia 51.58
8. Zambia 51.83
9. Namibia 51.85
10. Gabon 52.06

 

 

Chad has world’s lowest life expectancy of 49. 44 years. Male and female are expected to live a life of 48.3 years and 50.63 years respectively in Chad. HIV/AIDS is most prevalent in the country having rate of 4. 8 %.

Source: CIA Factbook

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Countries with the Highest Obesity Rates


The rise in overweight and obesity is a major public health concern that sharply growing in most developed countries during the last few years; more individuals residing in the developed countries are more obese compared to past statistics. It is found that persons across the world are sharply getting obese most probably due to urbanization and the adoption of Western lifestyles that are contributing to highest overweighed population than ever before. Varieties of fast food choices, little exercise and stressful jobs are becoming main cause of highest obesity rates in today’s world. Once thought that this problem is only associated with high income countries but now overweight and obesity are significantly growing in low- and middle-income communities, especially in city areas but still the highest rate of obesity are mostly in developed world. This problem greatly rises in countries that are in the process of economical development. Rural population migrating to urban areas doing less physical work and start eating processed food that are high in fat and sugar plus staying away from traditional food, start depending more on an imported industrial food that all making most countries fattest with highest percentage of population affected with obesity . World Health Organization’s report indicates that 1 out of every 10, is obese, having 500 million people worldwide. The research identifies that growing obesity rates are significantly caused by social and economic inequality. Expert Said that applying a broad obesity prevention plan would protect over 155, 000 lives per year. Find below list of top fattest countries in the world or you can say countries with most fat and overweight population.

List of Top 10 Countries with the Highest Obesity Rates in the World

Rank Country Percent of the adult population affected with obesity (2012 or nearest year)
1. United States 35.3 %
2. Mexico 32.4 %
3. New Zealand 31.3 %
4. Hungary 28.5 %
5. Australia 28.3 %
6. Canada 25.4 %
7. Chile 25.1 %
8. United Kingdom 24.7 %
9. Ireland 23.0 %
10. Luxembourg 22.7%


In a list of the countries with the highest numbers of overweight people, United states has greatest percentage of overweight population, with 34 percent of the adult population affected from obesity. Overeating, lack of health insurance access and comparatively high poverty are some root causes of highest obesity rate in United States.
Source: OECD Health Statistics 2013

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