Category Archives: Climate

Countries with Cities Receiving Least Sunshine Hours


Sunshine Hours refer to the total energy delivered by sunlight in a specific period over a specific location on Earth. It is a climatological factor which indicates the duration of sunshine in a given period of time and tells how cloudy the place is. Usually the sunlight duration is measured in terms of hours per year. One useful benefit of measuring sunlight hours is the characterization of tourist sites to promote and provide ease to the tourists. Besides that, there are limitless benefits of sunlight towards the human health as the vitamins present in sunlight are beneficial and necessary for human body. About 60% of the world is blessed with proper sunshine hours but the remaining 40% is not which leads to some psychological problems in human body. For example, Vitamin E present in sunlight is ultimately necessary for human body but especially the Americans and British people lack this blessing as there are very few sunshine hours there. The Asian continent is especially blessed with most sunshine hours due to its perfect location. The availability of enough sunlight is the key factor in providing the much needed vitamins especially in the winter season when the sun appears mostly after mid day. This is the case with Asian countries but those with least sunshine hours are very much in decline in terms of perfect health and psychological issues in citizens are also observed as they are not lucky enough to be blessed with enough sunlight hours. Below is the table which explains the countries with least sunshine hours.

Rank Country City Sunshine hours per year
1 China Chongqing 1054.9
2 Taiwan Taipei 1405.2
3 Vietnam Hanoi 1466.1
4 China Shanghai 1775.8
5 Hongkong Hongkong 1835.6
6 Japan Tokyo 1876.7
7 Canada Vancouver 1937.6
8 United States Pittsburgh 2021.3
9 Singapore Singapore 2022.4
10 Canada Montreal 2,051
11 United States Anchorage 2061.2
12 South Korea Seoul 2065.9
13 Bangladesh Dhaka 2066
14 Canada Toronto 2066.4
15 Philippines Manila 2103.1
16 India Kolkata 2107.5
17 United States Seattle 2169.7
18 United States Columbus 2182.6
19 Azerbaijan Baku 2207.4
20 United States Cleveland 2280


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Ten Countries with Lowest Average Annual Rainfall


Among the many blessings for human being by God Almighty, rainfall is another unmatchable blessing which is beneficial in most cases. Especially for the countries with rich and fertile soil, rainfall is as important for them as fuel is for a vehicle but on the other side as it is said that “Excess of everything is bad”, so same is the case with the rainfall. If it is up to a normal duration, that’s beneficial but if occur least, it could become the reason for natural disaster in the form of droughts. Keep the negative aspects apart; rainfall is indeed the much needed resource for any country in the world. Countries with massive amount of rainfall are progressing sharply in the agriculture sector as their annual agriculture output is increasing rapidly which is also paying a great contribution towards the national economy.

Latest NASA report has shown that world is running out of water. There are some countries in the world which receive the lowest rainfall and dryness is taken to an extreme dangerous level there that makes cultivation completely impossible. It is being observed that around the world there are some countries which are not blessed with this natural resource as the rainfall occur rarely that leads to the destruction of agricultural fields and lowering of corps production. Resultantly the  extreme poverty and high inflation come all around that cause the country’s economy to decline in quick time. There are so many countries in the world which receive the least rainfall per year from which the top 10 list is tabulated below, based on data from NASA.

Rank Country City Rainfall Per Year (In Millimeters)
1 Antarctica Dry Valleys 0
2 Chile Arica 0.761 (0.03 Inches)
3 Libya Al-Kufrah 0.860 (0.0338 Inches)
4 Egypt Aswan 0.861 (0.0338 Inches)
5 Egypt Luxor 0.862 (0.034 Inches)
6 Peru Ica 2.29 (0.09 Inches)
7 Sudan Wadi Halfa 2.45 (0.096 Inches)
8 Chile Iquique 5.08 (0.2 Inches)
9 Namibia Pelican Point 8.13 (0.32 Inches)
10 Algeria Aoulef 12.19 (0.48 Inches)


As according to NASA reports, Antarctica receives the least rainfall and is considered to be the driest place in the world with annual rainfall rate of zero. Arica of Chile comes after it which receives lowest rainfall of just 0.03 inches annually.
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Top 10 Countries with Worst Droughts

As the nature has blessed the human beings with unlimited blessings but at the same time some deadliest droughts have also caught the mankind in various countries in the world causing the shortage of food, water and other necessities of life due to lesser rains that makes land infertile. These factors lead to uncountable deaths and starvation among the victim countries while destroying its economy to a really awful level. Various numbers of biggest calamities have occurred in the history worldwide but the top 10 worst droughts are listed below along with their statistics.

1. Ethiopia
Probably the poorest country in the world, Ethiopia has the most vulnerability towards drought. It’s been ranked at 172nd position out of 174 in terms of overall development which proves its ultimate poverty. Especially the towns of Denan, Imi and Gode in Ethiopia are worst affected by deadliest  drought most of times. Estimates of about 8 million out of 60 million people are at instant jeopardy due to terrifying droughts.
2. Eritrea
Located on the horns of African continent and mostly caught in the hands of war, Eritrea is another country with terrifying rate of poverty all around. Bordering with Ethiopia is one of the reasons for experiencing biggest droughts as it leaded to major food shortage in the most droughts ever happened here. While one million people were dislocated due to war, estimates of 1.3 million citizens of Eritrea are at alarming risk.
3. Somalia
Located at the horns of African continent alongside Eritrea, the Federal republic of Somalia has faced one of deadliest droughts in the history. Due to continuous and excessive rains and flash flooding, this country faces worst droughts every year. Historically due to seven repeated poor harvests and severe insecurities in several areas, the food shortage became major issue while affection around 1 million people from which 300000 were the under 5 aged children.
4. Sudan
Sudan not being amongst the poorest countries in the world also faces some most severe droughts every year. The southern part is the worst affected area where it annually affects an estimate of around 2.8 million people. Due to some awful insecurity and less fertility, Sudan is at the 4th spot on the list of countries with deadliest  droughts in the history.
5. Uganda
It is a surprising fact that Uganda is also on the list of countries facing worst droughts with annual risk rate of about 550000 people due to disgusting food insecurities, hoardings and lesser harvests during the whole year. However concern authorities are taking some serious steps to reduce these numbers to make a better and healthy economy.

6. Afghanistan
As its name doesn’t need any further description, Afghanistan is probably amongst the most barren and infertile countries in the world. Comprising mostly of deserts and mountains, the country faces most of the world’s biggest droughts encompasses southern part where about 60 to 80% of the livestock has died a poor death. About 10% (2.5 million people) of the total population of Afghanistan is drought-affected who would need the donation and support of other countries for a period of at least 1 year.
7. China
Obviously not the whole country but the Shanxi province located in the northern China is mostly affected by deadliest  droughts every year since it receive little to no rain causing immense shortage of water. About 60% of total land area in Shanxi is unfertile due to serious shortage of water. The one third part of Shanxi’s wheat crops were destroyed completely due to lack of water and around 3 million citizens of Shanxi lacks the natural blessing of water.
8. India
India being facing one of world’s deadliest and biggest droughts in last 100 years history is at 8th spot. Mostly the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are worst affected areas due to lack of enough monsoon rains. The country has astonishing and scary figures of 130 million people at risk in around 12 states but the government is aiming to relieve the drought affected states.
9. Iran
Another country with worst droughts experience due to lack of enough water, Iran is probably facing huge loss due to deadliest  droughts. From the recent reports, the Iranian government has told the UN official in Tehran about the acceptance of international aid to cover up the loss of about 1.7 billion (US$) happened due to droughts. It will take around 200 million (US$) for the government to supply water tankers and purification units to the affected areas of Iran.

10. Morocco
The country with the largest drought affected land area, Morocco is at number 10 with effected land area of about 70% of the total. It is their worst drought in the decade for which government is taking some fine and appreciable steps to reduce the numbers. Moroccan government has recently launched a rehabilitation plan of about 200 million (US$) to compensate and re-establish the vast affected areas of the country.
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Countries with Potentially Most Hazardous Volcanoes


Global Volcano Model Network has stated a report giving an account of the most Hazardous countries for Volcanoes. The report is based on the past stats i.e., no of deaths, destruction scale and other facts. The report has been published by Cambridge University Press in May. Here is a brief account of  10 mountains with active volcanoes.

 

10. Kenya – Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro leaning over savannah has Kibo as its highest peak. The Pinnacle is dormant. But the mountain has the capacity to destruct massively with the string that includes 20 volcanoes in East Africa’s Rift Valley.

 

9. El Salvador – Mount Coatepeque

The last possbile volcanic eruption of Mount Coatepeque in El Salvador is said to be 50,000 years ago which left a bowl-shaped structure now known as picturesque Lake. However, the smaller blasts and eruptions in the past 10,000 years have developed the cones enough for a possible disaster that would be terrifying to even think of.

 

8. Italy – Mount Etna

Mount Etna in Italy is the Europe’s largest volcanic specie. The Earth scientists and naturalists have been observing the volcanic activity for more than 2,000 years in the region.

 

7. Ecuador – Tungurahua

Tungurahua in Ecuador is the South America’s most active and alive volcano with all the capabilities to launch something that is dreadful for the people living in the region and nearby.

6.Guatemala – Volcán de Agua

Without any historical records of volcanic eruptions, Volcán de Agua, towering to a length of 11,500 feet (3,500m) annihilated the capital city build and inhabited by Spanish conquistadors. A mud-flow remembered as lahar swallowed the city and everything that was in it.

 

5. Ethiopia – Afar Desert

Ethiopians also have the volcanic heaven. In 2005 the volcanic discharge flared up magma and in the Afar desert forming the lava lakes and fresh cracks in the earth’s surface. The volcanic hotbed torn by the under-earth activity ended in a crack that was no less than 60 Km (37 miles) deep into the earth.

 

4. Mexico – Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl is puffing out ash, dust and steam in the Latin American country. The volcano hotbed was in deep slumber until it got awoke in 1994. Just around 40 odd miles from the Mexico City, the volcano is the second highest in North American region, touching the clouds at an height of 17,802 feet (5,426 meters).

 

3.  Japan – Mount Sakurajima

Mount Sakurajima, erupting and oozing lava  from years, is known as one of the world’s most active volcanoes because of its continuous volcanic strings.

2.  Philippines – Mount Mayon

Moutn Mayon, clearly seen from the Legazpi Airport in the Island of Luzon tells the tales of demolition and misadventure. In 2013 the unpredictable devestation concluded killing five climbers with seven others injured. The climbers had to face the unfortunate fate when the phreatic explosion took place; the magma-water mixture came out with blasting steam ruining the adventure.

 

1. Indonesia – Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi, currently the biggest volcano shared by South East Asian nation, would have been the recap of Mount Tambora erupted about 200 years ago in the recent episode of eruption in 2010 when 10,000-20,000 lives were saved preempting the calamity.
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Countries with Highest Average Annual Rainfall


Every country has unique climate and when we talk about rainfall, it varies widely both by location and season. Most of the country receives highest rainfall from June to mid-October and significantly less rain during the rest of the year. Our world is full of cruelty, there are places where drought comes because of little to no rainfall and at same time some places become victim of flood. Listed below are top ten countries which have highest average rainfall.

Rank Country Average precipitation in depth (mm per year) 2010-2014
1. Colombia 3,240
2. Sao Tome and Principe 3,200
3. Papua New Guinea 3,142
4. Solomon Islands 3,028
5. Panama 2,928
6. Costa Rica 2,926
7. Malaysia 2,875
8. Brunei Darussalam 2,722
9. Indonesia 2,702
10. Bangladesh 2,666


 

Colombia has highest average annual rainfall of 3,240mm.
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

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Top 10 Coldest Countries in the World


It is true that we only miss the sun when it starts to snow and in case of little snow  we wish for more snow, think of all the people living in the coldest countries  who would do anything for a the slightest ray of sunshine in their lives. Most people consider the winter and snowy environment is entertaining but this thinking will surely come to an end if it come to know that top ten coldest  countries have drastically intense winters that is  extremely unbearable that causes great trouble for the people and even prevents them from performing daily activities during winter seasons. There are many coldest countries where human habitation is quite difficult and even thinking of life in such cold climate will make you scared. Below are the top 10 coldest countries in the world.

10. Estonia
Estonia may not have an extreme climate  like other countries in this list but is coldest enough to prevent people from performing their work. It is located between Finland and the Baltic Sea. In winter season, people of Estonia can’t even perform daily activities. The temperature lies between -7 °C and -3 °C during winters and increases up to 16.5 °C in summer. Rainfall is very unpredictable here that make the weather more cold.

9. Finland
The attractive Scandinavian country has coldest winters in the world. The temperature ranges from -45 °C to 0°C while it falls to -45 °C to -22 °C in winters. Snowfall accompanied with bitingly harsh winds makes weather too cold that is unbearable to live. The summer is quite tolerable and pleasant. The sun never rises above the horizon for 2 months in northernmost part of the country. It sees no more than 6 hours of daylight a day in midwinter

8. Mongolia
Mongolia, Central Asia country, is one of the coldest places in the world with average temperature below 0 degrees while it falls below -20°C  in January and February. In summers it is hot and the average temperature is 0°C.

7. Iceland
.The southern part of the country is little warm as compared to north region. The temperature ranges from -30°C to -20°C in winter, falls to 40 degrees in extreme condition and average never goes above freezing point.

Top Ten Hottest Countries in the World


Moderate weather condition is the great blessing for the country that brings numerous economical, psychological and social benefits but when we talk about summer’s weather, it is no doubt a blessing but only for coldest countries where people begs for its arrival. For hottest areas, summer weather is nothing short of hell where average annual temperate is already too high. Elements contributes to overall temperature of an area are pollution and high population density lead but the main reason of hottest weather is the movement of sun over the country. Areas near the equator are the hot because the sun moves over head while areas  near pole find sun movement along horizon. If you are planning to visiting the hottest countries in the world where temperate is  hot and humid throughout the year then this post will surely be of great use to those searching for that. Here we have list of top ten hottest countries having highest temperate all year around. This list doesn’t includes areas where temperate is a only highest in summer. Also keep in mind that the hottest countries differ from the hottest places in the world.

10. Mexico
Mexico stands at 10th place having highest temperature that touches figure of 50 °C on a summer day. People from cold locations visit Mexico to enjoy balmy climate and cool beaches of Mexico.

9. Somalia
This African country is 9th hottest in the world with consistent high temperate year around. Lack of rain and hot weather condition resulted in major droughts and famines. Average temperature hits figure of 50°C.