Category Archives: Earth

30 Safest Countries with Least Natural Disaster Risk

In this mortal world, nothing is guaranteed to remain safest forever as the God Almighty has assembled everything in such a way that this all will be vanished sooner or later. Besides the availability of outstanding resources and easiness to human being, God has a surprising and worrying aspect for the human beings and that is natural disasters which occur suddenly by surprise. These disasters include earthquakes, floods, land sliding, blasting of volcano and many more like those. To keep a human being alert and be on pray to God, He has these eye opening events for them to keep them in best form of their beliefs. The exposure to natural disasters is a key aspect for any country’s safety level as the tourists look massively upon it before visiting any nation. Various countries are in the world which has least vulnerability to natural catastrophe and that makes a visitor keep visiting the safest country without any fear.


The WorldRisk Report 2015 is out now that put together 30 safest countries which are least likely to be affected from natural disaster and food insecurity. This report takes many factors into accounts while determining a country’s vulnerability and its exposure to natural hazards such as flood, storm and earthquake. Food insecurity enlarges the risk of natural disaster and conversely better food security reduces the vulnerability of societies to natural hazard. Adequate resources help authorities to respond quickly to any natural calamity so every country, which aims to become safest, must invest in food security to reduce vulnerability to disasters to least level. A world without hunger would mean fewer disasters. Largest proportion of world’s population earns their living from agriculture so any natural disaster that have detrimental effects on livestock or transportation system will put people’s life in danger.

WorldRiskReport 2015 determines the risk of becoming a victim of a disaster as a result of a natural hazard (e.g. floods, hurricanes, earthquakes etc.) for 171 countries. The WorldRiskIndex focuses probabilities of extreme natural event, food insecurity caused by such events and preventive measures already taken to cope with natural disaster. Qatar is the world’s safest country from which takes the top spot with least vulnerability to natural disaster of 0.08% as according to WRI calculated by UNU-EHS recently in 2015. This makes it an attention for the visitors and tourists as lower risk makes them feel more secure while wandering around in the country. Therefore, Qatar is the country with least exposure to natural disasters.


From previous surveys and reports, different countries continued to move up and down in the ranking of vulnerability but the below given list describes the top 10 safest countries with least exposure to natural disasters according to World Risk Index reckoned by United Nations University for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) in 2015.

Rank Country WorldRiskIndex Exposition Vulnerability Susceptibility Lack of coping capacities Lack of adaptive capacities
1 Qatar 0.08% 0.28% 30.13% 9.04% 44.88% 36.47%
2 Malta 0.62% 1.65% 3 7. 76 % 15.25% 59.94% 38.08%
3 Saudi Arabia 1.10% 2.93% 3 7. 5 5 % 14.76% 65.96% 31.92%
4 Barbados 1.22% 3.46% 35.27% 17.06% 50.69% 38.07%
5 Grenada 1.44% 3.13% 46.23% 24.70% 69.15% 44.82%
6 Iceland 1.55% 5.67% 27.34% 14.74% 43.16% 24.11%
7 Kiribati 1.73% 3.05% 56.68% 41.19% 83.69% 45.17%
8 Bahrain 1.76% 4.27% 41.21% 12.88% 66.69% 44.07%
9 United Arab Emirates 1.84% 5.93% 31.08% 10.36% 56.35% 26.53%
10 Sweden 2.22% 7.97% 27.89% 15.53% 41.67% 26.46%
11 Singapore 2.24% 7.82% 28.62% 14.05% 49.94% 21.88%
12 Finland 2.26% 8.19% 27.59% 15.85% 39. 51 % 27.41%
13 Egypt 2.26% 4.72% 47.89% 20.99% 76.81% 45.88%
14 Norway 2.28% 8.58% 26.51% 14.08% 39.12% 26.34%
15 Israel 2.39% 6.41% 3 7. 2 6 % 19.54% 58.92% 33.31%
16 Estonia 2.42% 7.23% 33.46% 18.03% 50.94% 31.39%
17 Switzerland 2.46% 9.56% 25.73% 14.57% 3 7. 7 8 % 24.84%
18 Luxembourg 2.46% 9.12% 27.02% 12.88% 41.06% 27.11%
19 Seychelles 2.56% 5.99% 42.79% 22.01% 63.12% 43.23%
20 Oman 2.75% 6.41% 42.82% 15.71% 63.70% 49.05%
21 France 2.76% 9.25% 29.78% 16.67% 44.12% 28.54%
22 Cyprus 2.76% 7.44% 37.11% 14.73% 58.13% 38.49%
23 Denmark 2.95% 10.87% 27.15% 15.39% 39. 43 % 26.63%
24 Mongolia 2.96% 6.52% 45.33% 30.07% 64.50% 41.40%
25 Lithuania 2.98% 8.88% 33.52% 17.62% 49.16% 33.77%
26 Germany 3.00% 11.41% 26.32% 15.47% 3 7. 4 9 % 26.00%
27 Belarus 3.07% 8.46% 36.28% 16.60% 60.54% 31.69%
28 Ukraine 3.09% 7.50% 41.14% 18.66% 61.15% 43.61%
29 Spain 3.10% 10.23% 30.31% 16.64% 48.71% 25.58%
30 Canada 3.14% 10.25% 30.68% 15.22% 46.72% 30.10%


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Countries with Potentially Most Hazardous Volcanoes


Global Volcano Model Network has stated a report giving an account of the most Hazardous countries for Volcanoes. The report is based on the past stats i.e., no of deaths, destruction scale and other facts. The report has been published by Cambridge University Press in May. Here is a brief account of  10 mountains with active volcanoes.

 

10. Kenya – Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro leaning over savannah has Kibo as its highest peak. The Pinnacle is dormant. But the mountain has the capacity to destruct massively with the string that includes 20 volcanoes in East Africa’s Rift Valley.

 

9. El Salvador – Mount Coatepeque

The last possbile volcanic eruption of Mount Coatepeque in El Salvador is said to be 50,000 years ago which left a bowl-shaped structure now known as picturesque Lake. However, the smaller blasts and eruptions in the past 10,000 years have developed the cones enough for a possible disaster that would be terrifying to even think of.

 

8. Italy – Mount Etna

Mount Etna in Italy is the Europe’s largest volcanic specie. The Earth scientists and naturalists have been observing the volcanic activity for more than 2,000 years in the region.

 

7. Ecuador – Tungurahua

Tungurahua in Ecuador is the South America’s most active and alive volcano with all the capabilities to launch something that is dreadful for the people living in the region and nearby.

6.Guatemala – Volcán de Agua

Without any historical records of volcanic eruptions, Volcán de Agua, towering to a length of 11,500 feet (3,500m) annihilated the capital city build and inhabited by Spanish conquistadors. A mud-flow remembered as lahar swallowed the city and everything that was in it.

 

5. Ethiopia – Afar Desert

Ethiopians also have the volcanic heaven. In 2005 the volcanic discharge flared up magma and in the Afar desert forming the lava lakes and fresh cracks in the earth’s surface. The volcanic hotbed torn by the under-earth activity ended in a crack that was no less than 60 Km (37 miles) deep into the earth.

 

4. Mexico – Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl is puffing out ash, dust and steam in the Latin American country. The volcano hotbed was in deep slumber until it got awoke in 1994. Just around 40 odd miles from the Mexico City, the volcano is the second highest in North American region, touching the clouds at an height of 17,802 feet (5,426 meters).

 

3.  Japan – Mount Sakurajima

Mount Sakurajima, erupting and oozing lava  from years, is known as one of the world’s most active volcanoes because of its continuous volcanic strings.

2.  Philippines – Mount Mayon

Moutn Mayon, clearly seen from the Legazpi Airport in the Island of Luzon tells the tales of demolition and misadventure. In 2013 the unpredictable devestation concluded killing five climbers with seven others injured. The climbers had to face the unfortunate fate when the phreatic explosion took place; the magma-water mixture came out with blasting steam ruining the adventure.

 

1. Indonesia – Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi, currently the biggest volcano shared by South East Asian nation, would have been the recap of Mount Tambora erupted about 200 years ago in the recent episode of eruption in 2010 when 10,000-20,000 lives were saved preempting the calamity.
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Top 5 Largest Deserts in The World


Deserts take up more than one fourth of the world’s land.  They are formed when an area receives less water from precipitation in the form of rain and lose more moisture through evaporation. In other words, it is a region that receives less than 250 mm per year rainfall. Lack of water hinders the growth and development of plant and animal life  and makes desert a harsh places to live. Here population is negligible and vegetation is also insufficient to meet the demand. High solar radiation makes deserts an ideal place for the capture of large quantities of solar energy.

World’s Top 5 Largest Deserts

Rank Name Area (Sq mi) Location (Country/Continent)
1. Antarctica 5,500,000 Antarctica
2. Arctic 5,400,000 Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.
3. Sahara 3,629,360 North Africa
4. Arabian 899,618 Western Asia
5. Gobi 500,002 Mongolia, China

 

 

Antarctica is the largest polar desert in the world which covers an areas of 5.5 million mi². It receive an annual precipitation of only 200 mm. It is the world’s coldest place and unsuitable for living. Arctic is world’s second largest desert with annual precipitation of 50 cm (20 in).

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Where is the Lowest Point on Earth Located

Our earth is wider at the equator and narrower between the poles like an oblate spheroid therefore lowest point on land is determined on the basis of sea level. The lowest point of earth on dry land in each continent of the world is listed below.

Continent Lowest Point Elevation (ft) Country/Territory
Asia Dead Sea −1,385 Israel,Palestine and Jordan
Africa Lake Assal −509 Djibouti
South America Laguna del Carbón −344 Argentina
North America Death Valley −282 United States
Antarctica Deep Lake, Vestfold Hills -160 Australian Antarctic Territory
Europe Caspian Sea -92 Russia
Australia Lake Eyre -49 Australia

 

 

The adjoining area of the Dead Sea is the lowest dry land on Earth. It lies at 1,385 feet below sea level, bordering Jordan and Israel. Lake Assal , world’s largest salt reserve, is the second lowest location on Earth. It is located in the middle of Djibouti.

 

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Which is the Highest Point on Earth


Earth is an oblate spheroid rather than a perfect sphere, therefore the highest point on earth is calculated on the basis of sea level rather than distant from the center of the Earth. Here we have list of places on earth in each continents of world.

Continent Highest Point Elevation (m) Country/Territory
Asia Mount Everest 8,848 China and Nepal
South America Aconcagua 6,960 Argentina
North America Mount McKinley 6,198 United States
Africa Mount Kilimanjaro 5,895 Tanzania
Europe Mount Elbrus 5,642 Russia
Antarctica Vinson Massif 4,892 British Antarctic Territory
Australia Puncak Jaya 4,884 Indonesia

 

 

The highest point on Earth’s surface is Mount Everest which is located on the border of Nepal and China. It is peak of Himalaya range, 8848 meters above sea level. Chimborazo of central Ecuador is farthest place from the Earth’s center but it is not considered as highest point of world.

 

Source: wikipedia

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Which Countries are Located on Equator Line

Equator is imaginary line around the middle of earth which is equidistant from north pole and south pole. 78 % of Equator lies mostly on the ocean and the rest is over countries of central Africa and south America. EQUATOR passes through following countries of World:

  • Colombia
  • Brazil
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Uganda
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Somalia
  • Indonesia
  • Kiribati
  • Maldives
  • Kenya
  • Gabon



Interesting Facts of Equator

  • Sun rising and setting take less time and transition from day to night or night to day is Fastest.
  • Distance from center of the Earth is more than any other locations.
  • Gravitational pull is slightly weaker.
  • The rotational speed of surface is also higher than poles.

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