Category Archives: Natural Structure

Top Countries with Beautiful Caves in the World

Countries with beautiful  and largest caves are most blessed since these are a great source of natural minerals, elements, precious stones and etc but the one thing to be noticed is that they contribute vastly towards increasing country’s beauty leading to strong attraction for tourists. The God Almighty has blessed this earth with enchanting and lofty nature. Mountains, plains, plateaus, forests and various other natural beauties increase the significance of a country. The natural beauty of any country is based on various factors including the above mentioned aspects but one of the most significant of them is Caves.  There are numerous countries in the world who are blessed with naturally beautiful caves but the top ten of them are listed below.

1. Mexico (The Cave of Crystals)
Famously known as Giant Crystal Cave, this natural beauty is located in the vicinity of Chihuahua. It was discovered in 2000 by the miners working at Naica Mines located in the city Chihuahua. Its actual location  is about 300 Meters behind the surface level having highly hot temperature of about 58 (Degree Centigrade). The vast popularity of this cave is due to the discovery of world’s largest crystal ever found (Selenite Crystal) which was approximately 12m long, 4m in diameter having weight of about 55 tons. Due to its highly warm surroundings, this breath-taking spot mostly remains unexplored.


2. New Zealand (Waitomo Glowworm Cave)
Globally famous for glowworms, this cave presents the scene of probably the sky night. Originally situated in the Northern New Zealand Island, this beautiful cave remains unexplored too. Completely contained by Larva, the illuminating show of it is something famous among the tourists of this country but unfortunately it stays mostly unexplored.

3. Slovakia (Vazecka Cave)
Being one of the shortest caves in the world, The Vazecka Cave situated in the northern Slovakia is the one liked spot among visitors. It was discovered in 1922 and is originally located in Vazec village. Although it is among shortest caves but the eye catching and decorated surroundings catch number of tourist for this country. The decoration around it is due to presence of rich stalactite which makes this place a bit more beautiful then it should be. The cave is located at an altitude of 748 Meters and about 530 meters long but only 230 meters are available for tourism.
Municipality.

4. Slovakia (Bystrianska Cave)
Came into discovery in 1926, the Bystrianska Cave is located in the municipality of Bystra. It is full composed of limestone and is about 95 meters deep and 2637 meters long. The short number of 490 meters of this cave are open for the tourism since the year 1968. Regardless of its less land availability, it still acts  as strong magnet to whose who want to explore beautiful  caves of the world.

5. United States (Mammoth Cave)
Famous around the world for its length, The Mammoth Cave situated in Kentucky, United States is one of the longest passageways in the world. It is being predicted that this cave system contains a total passageway of about 390 miles (probably 630 Km) which is the longest system ever found that makes it the most beautiful cave of the  world. The interesting fact about it is that it is astonishingly stable. The original location of the cave is National Park in Kentucky.


6. New Mexico, United States (Carlsbad Cavern)
Famous around the world as the seventh largest cave, the Carlsbad Cavern is the system of naturally illuminating and beautiful caves in the renowned national park. A big plus  is the presence of a huge limestone enclosure whose measurements are listed as 1219 by 190 meters. The overall beauty and decoration is based on the presence of stalagmites and stalactites along with various formations which can be seen by several convenient trails. In short, The Carlsbad Cavern is one main attraction for the visitors around the world.

7. China (Reed Flute Cave)
Being historically significant and famous globally, the Reed Flute Cave came into being around 1200 years ago usually in the age of Tang Dynasty. Further ahead, the cave was rediscovered by the fleeing refugees (from Japanese Force) in 1940s. Located in Guilin, it is surrounded by limestone with eye catching and multicolored lightning inside make this spot an ideal to be called the most beautiful cave of the world, mostly blessed with Stalagmites and Stalactites along with some amazingly weird shaped rock placements. One interesting fact about this cave is the written inscriptions (70) which present the age of Tang Dynasty in 792 A.D.

8. Lebanon (Jeita Grotto)
Located about 18 Km north of Beirut, The Jeita Grotto is the system of two Karstic limestone caves interconnected and about 9 Km in length. This astounding upper part is open to public and tourable as it is easily accessible but to visit lower cave, tourists will need a boat as it is mostly comprised of underground river. Though not too much famous, but Jeita Grotto is indeed a sound way to spend a pleasuring tour.

9. Slovenia (Skocjan Caves)
Historically significant and worldwide famous, the Skocjan Caves belong to UNESCO heritage land sites. The underground location  is the main factor behind its ultimate popularity and tourism. The overall structure comprises of world’s highest cave hall, a huge underground mountain pass, beautiful waterfalls and a bridge over the mountain pass. Just like the other caves, it also have some jaw-dropping views of Stalagmite and Stalactite structures. The Skojcan Cave system is probably the one which every tourist would like to visit.


10. Vietnam (Phong Nha Cave)
Being among the UNESCO heritage’s land sites, the Phong Nha Cave is the second largest cave in Vietnam which is situated in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park and is about 7729 meters in length. So far till now, the scientists have been successful in surveying about 44.5 Km of this cave whereas any tourist or visitors are just allowed to visit the starting 1500 meters of it. Regardless of its total visit able area, the cave is listed among the beautiful spot of the world.
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Countries with Potentially Most Hazardous Volcanoes


Global Volcano Model Network has stated a report giving an account of the most Hazardous countries for Volcanoes. The report is based on the past stats i.e., no of deaths, destruction scale and other facts. The report has been published by Cambridge University Press in May. Here is a brief account of  10 mountains with active volcanoes.

 

10. Kenya – Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro leaning over savannah has Kibo as its highest peak. The Pinnacle is dormant. But the mountain has the capacity to destruct massively with the string that includes 20 volcanoes in East Africa’s Rift Valley.

 

9. El Salvador – Mount Coatepeque

The last possbile volcanic eruption of Mount Coatepeque in El Salvador is said to be 50,000 years ago which left a bowl-shaped structure now known as picturesque Lake. However, the smaller blasts and eruptions in the past 10,000 years have developed the cones enough for a possible disaster that would be terrifying to even think of.

 

8. Italy – Mount Etna

Mount Etna in Italy is the Europe’s largest volcanic specie. The Earth scientists and naturalists have been observing the volcanic activity for more than 2,000 years in the region.

 

7. Ecuador – Tungurahua

Tungurahua in Ecuador is the South America’s most active and alive volcano with all the capabilities to launch something that is dreadful for the people living in the region and nearby.

6.Guatemala – Volcán de Agua

Without any historical records of volcanic eruptions, Volcán de Agua, towering to a length of 11,500 feet (3,500m) annihilated the capital city build and inhabited by Spanish conquistadors. A mud-flow remembered as lahar swallowed the city and everything that was in it.

 

5. Ethiopia – Afar Desert

Ethiopians also have the volcanic heaven. In 2005 the volcanic discharge flared up magma and in the Afar desert forming the lava lakes and fresh cracks in the earth’s surface. The volcanic hotbed torn by the under-earth activity ended in a crack that was no less than 60 Km (37 miles) deep into the earth.

 

4. Mexico – Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl is puffing out ash, dust and steam in the Latin American country. The volcano hotbed was in deep slumber until it got awoke in 1994. Just around 40 odd miles from the Mexico City, the volcano is the second highest in North American region, touching the clouds at an height of 17,802 feet (5,426 meters).

 

3.  Japan – Mount Sakurajima

Mount Sakurajima, erupting and oozing lava  from years, is known as one of the world’s most active volcanoes because of its continuous volcanic strings.

2.  Philippines – Mount Mayon

Moutn Mayon, clearly seen from the Legazpi Airport in the Island of Luzon tells the tales of demolition and misadventure. In 2013 the unpredictable devestation concluded killing five climbers with seven others injured. The climbers had to face the unfortunate fate when the phreatic explosion took place; the magma-water mixture came out with blasting steam ruining the adventure.

 

1. Indonesia – Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi, currently the biggest volcano shared by South East Asian nation, would have been the recap of Mount Tambora erupted about 200 years ago in the recent episode of eruption in 2010 when 10,000-20,000 lives were saved preempting the calamity.
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Countries With Lions in the World


Lion, the King of the Jungles is one of the emblematic living creatures of the forestry. The insane and inhumane killing of the carnivore is leading us to their extinction in the next 50 years or even less than that. The beauty and strength of Wild life has no reason to live against the relentless habitat loss, illegal killing and over hunting by either dumb or insecure. There were as more as 200,000 in the wilderness of Africa, the Panthera Leo is now having a family that is being diminished to 30,000 creatures in the region.
Today the Lions have living in the only 28 African countries. Continuously teetering on the brink of extinction, they existence is limited to one country (India) when it comes to Asia. Out of 28 countries in continent, they are now declared extinct in 26.

Only seven countries in the African continent are still blessed to have them in their wilds, each with more than 1000.

The countries are:

Botswana

Ethiopia

Kenya

South Africa

Tanzania

Zambia

Zimbabwe

It is said that the predator is reduced to 35,000 at best in the continent down from over 100,000 about fifty years ago. Lion census conducted in 2012 showed the following facts and figures in the different domains of continent.

No of Lions in West Africa: 480

No of Lions in Central Africa: 2,419

No of Lions in Eastern Africa: 19,972

No of Lions in Southern Africa: 12,036

Tanzania is the country believed to have more species than any other in the region. The East-African country has the greatest share of the Panthera Leo with more than 16000 Lions in different Wild Parks and Lion Areas.

 

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Which Country Has The Most Number Of Lakes In The World


It is quite difficult to answer which country has the most number of lakes in the world since there is no official or scientific definitions for clear identification that why most of world’s lakes are not recognized or unknown but roughly you can say that it is an area filled with water that is surrounded by land apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.

Naturally they are located in mountainous areas, rift zones, and places with continuous glaciations while artificial lakes are mostly made for recreational purposes, power generation and agricultural use.

Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world’s countries combined. Approximately 60 percent of the world’s lakes are in Canada. It has estimated 31, 752 major lakes larger than 3 square kilometers as claimed by Government of Canada, while number of lakes larger than 100 km2 are 561. Almost 9% of country’s total area is covered by freshwater. There are many unknown small lakes that are estimated to be at least 2 million but no official data about that is available for recognition.

But if we compare number of officially claimed lakes, then Finland would rank as country with most lakes of 187, 888 that is considerably more than Canada.

 
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Top 5 Largest Deserts in The World


Deserts take up more than one fourth of the world’s land.  They are formed when an area receives less water from precipitation in the form of rain and lose more moisture through evaporation. In other words, it is a region that receives less than 250 mm per year rainfall. Lack of water hinders the growth and development of plant and animal life  and makes desert a harsh places to live. Here population is negligible and vegetation is also insufficient to meet the demand. High solar radiation makes deserts an ideal place for the capture of large quantities of solar energy.

World’s Top 5 Largest Deserts

Rank Name Area (Sq mi) Location (Country/Continent)
1. Antarctica 5,500,000 Antarctica
2. Arctic 5,400,000 Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.
3. Sahara 3,629,360 North Africa
4. Arabian 899,618 Western Asia
5. Gobi 500,002 Mongolia, China

 

 

Antarctica is the largest polar desert in the world which covers an areas of 5.5 million mi². It receive an annual precipitation of only 200 mm. It is the world’s coldest place and unsuitable for living. Arctic is world’s second largest desert with annual precipitation of 50 cm (20 in).

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Which is the Longest River in the World

River nile

River length is the distance between source and mouth of river. It is mostly hard to determine the exact location of both ends. Some have conflicting origins whereas some end up with evaporation or diverted for agriculture.

Top 5 Longest Rivers in the World

River
Length (KM)
Nile 6,853
Amazon 6,400
Yangtze
6,300
Mississippi 6,275
Yenisei
5,539

 

 

Nile river is the longest in the world. It has total length of 6,853 km with basin of 3,400,000 km2. Its average discharge is 2,830 m3/s. Primary source is White Nile which originates from Africa’s Great lakes region. It falls into the Mediterranean Sea. It flows through many countries of Africa and main source of livelihoods for the peoples of countries through which it flow.
Some experts consider Amazon is the world’s longest than Nile but it is still debatable.
Source: wikipedia

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Where is the Highest Waterfall in the World Located

A waterfall is a site where river or stream meets softer rock after flowing over an place of resistant hard rock and water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls can also be seen where melt water drops over the corners of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.

How Waterfall is Formed

A waterfall is made up of two types of rock.Hard rock on the top and soft rock on the bottom.The water erodes the less resistant rock(the soft rock) quicker then the less resistant rock(the hard rock)When the water reaches the soft rock starts to wear the rock away. This creates a clith over the vertical drop the water that plunges down onto the river bed erodes the bed creating a plunge pool.The hard rock creates an overhang this eventually becomes weak and breaks of and the processes began again.

Name and Location of Top Ten Highest Waterfall of the World 

Most of beautiful and highest waterfall are present in Norway. List of officially and unofficially recorded highest waterfall of world are as follow:

Ranking Name Location River/Source Height(In Feet)
1 Angel (Salto Angel) Auyantepui, Canaima National Park, Venezuela, Bolivar State Gauja River 3,212
2 Tugela KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Tugela River 3,110
3 Ramnefjellsfossen Stryn, Norway Ramnefjellbreen glacier, 2,684
4 Utigordsfoss Nesdalen, Norway Jostedal Glacier 2,625
5 Mongefossen Rauma, Møre og Romsdal, Norway Mongebeck 2,536
6 Gocta Cataracts Amazonas, Chachapoyas, Peru 2530
7 Mutarazi Nyanga National Park, Honde Valley, Eastern Highlands, Zimbabwe. Mutarazi River 2,499
8 Yosemite Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park, California, USA Yosemite Creek 2,425
9 Espelandsfossen Espelandsdalen (the Espeland Valley), Granvin in Hardanger, Norway. Opo River 2,307
10 March Lower Valley (Østra Mardolafoss) Eikesdal, Norway Mardals Stream 2,151

 

 

Question: Where are the highest waterfall of world located ?
Angel Falls

Angel Falls is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall in Venezuela, with a height of 979 m (3,212 ft) and a plunge of 807 m (2,648 ft). The waterfall drops over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain in the Canaima National Park in the Gran Sabana region of Bolívar State.

Tugela Falls

Tugela Falls is the second world highest waterfall in South Africa, with height of 948 m (3,110 ft).The waterfall drops over the edge of the Drakensberg (Dragon’s Mountains) in the Royal Natal National Park in KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa.

 

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