Category Archives: Natural Resources

Which Countries Have the Most Gold?


Gold is in fact the most loved and demanded natural resource in the world. The demand isn’t only for the citizens but the governments also wish to be blessed with largest gold reserves which serve a massive share towards their economy. Any country gifted with the such precious reserves will surely be globally recognized among the wealthiest ones. It is now being used for various purposes such as Jewelry, sports medals, sports trophies are all created with it. Who wouldn’t like to be in possession of gold regardless of its quantity! From the last decade, its prices are tremendously with every days passed which keeps it away from the reach of poor or lower middle class families. Seeing this situation, the country to have the most gold reserves will surely dominate its surrounding neighbors. This blessing of nature can turn anything around at any time. Various countries in the world have largest gold mines or reserves which hold a significant share towards world’s production. This not only increases the worth of any economy but also shares a significant part in generating bulk amount of foreign reserves. Everyone want to know which nations are most blessed with such a rich and momentous natural resource and here we are providing a list of countries with the most gold reserves along with their statistics below. This list is based on report published by World Gold Council which ranked ten countries that hold highest reserves.

Ranking Country Official Gold Holdings (Tons) Percentage of Foreign Reserves in Gold
1 USA 8133.5 71.1
2 Germany 3387.1 68.7
3 Italy 2451.8 67.2
4 France 2435.4 66.1
5 China 1054.1 1.2
6 Switzerland 1040.1 8.3
7 Russia 1015.1 8.3
8 Japan 765.2 2.6
9 Netherlands 612.5 54
10 India 557.7 8.4


See more of your interest:

Ten Countries with Lowest Renewable Water Resources


An essential natural resource for every living organism in the world to survive, water is indeed the great blessing of Allah Almighty. A living being can live without eating for short time but they can’t survive without water as it is the most necessary element for the survival of life. Plants, Trees, Human Beings, Animals, Irrigation; everything needs water to survive. The most part of Earth is covered by it but despite that, there are still some countries which aren’t fortunate enough to be blessed with this natural resource. The absence of water resources in those countries have made them unable to develop the agriculture sector and may even face extreme scarcity of food. To mention the names, we have tabulated the data below collected from various sources to let the world know about the countries which have been unlucky to be blessed with water resources.

Rank Country Renewable Water Resources (In Cubic Kilometers) Information Date
1 Brazil 8233 2011
2 Russia 4508 2011
3 United States 3069 2011
4 Canada 2902 2011
5 China 2840 2011
6 Colombia 2132 2011
7 European Union 2057.76 2011
8 Indonesia 2019 2011
9 Peru 1913 2011
10 Democratic Republic of Congo 1283 2011


See more of your interest:

Ten Countries with Least Natural Resources

Natural resources undoubtedly play an important role in the economy of many countries but it is not necessary that country with least reserves to be poorest one of the world. Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone and Liberia are the richest in term of natural resources but has world’s worst growth rate. On contrary, Hong Kong, South Korea and Singapore have no natural wealth but are world’s fastest growing economies over the past decades. Industrial countries, which are largest exporter of cutting-edge technology, always believe that human capital leads all other environment resources. However most of time scarcity of resources leads to internal disputes, poverty, inequality, debt burden and deprivation and reliance on other nations. To shed more light on our topic, below is the list of world’s 10 countries with least resources.
1. Vatican City
Located near Italy, the Vatican City is surprisingly the country with no natural resources and possesses one of the strongest economies in the world. With its economy total dependent upon the financial backing by the Roman Catholics, Vatican City has a population of just 840 citizens while covering a total land area of about 110 acres. Amazingly with being deprived of  natural resources, the country has got prestigious places in providing financial services to the world.

2. Costa Rica
Despite having almost no natural resources, Costa Rica has somehow managed to make its name among the developed countries in the world. Astonishingly high level of literacy and human development index still makes Costa Rica struggle hard to face the upcoming challenges.
3. Switzerland
Regardless of least natural resources, the Swiss nation still managed to be among the most shining and developed nations in the world; thanks to renowned brands Rolex and Nestle which have contributed massively towards Swiss economy. Due to congested land area, Switzerland doesn’t own big industrial properties but small factories have been established in various areas around. The economy is mostly dependent upon the export of products of above mentioned brands as well as the tourism.
4. Belgium
Within small vicinity with no natural resources, Belgium has come a long way in struggling and becoming a shining country in the European continent. The existence of diamond cutting and light production industries have been the key assets behind the country’s present economy. But the absence of natural resources has made Belgium step down in Europe or else it would have been among the amazingly developed economies.

5. Taiwan
Coming through the war for the natural resources, Taiwan just managed to acquire few resources like coal and natural gas. It was a very negative aspect for the country but the determination in creating human resource has made Taiwan ranked among the biggest production giants in the world. With human resource of around 20 million, Taiwan has done something extra marvelous which must be appreciated.
6. Japan
Globally renowned to be the giant in automobiles industry, technological advancement and development, Japan isn’t fortunate enough to have abundance of natural resources. Being the owner of famous automobile companies like Toyota & Suzuki etc, it fetches huge financial resources from world. Japan lacks the natural resources whereas the overall expenses have made the country being in debt to others but regardless of that, it still managed to become the most developed nation in the world.
7. Hong Kong
Being regarded as one of the states of The Republic of China, Hong Kong possesses no natural resources. The economy is being balanced and is dependent majorly on the advanced assembling units and trading with the world. Before the 20th century, Hong Kong was under-shadowed by other Asian giants but after that, they have done exceptionally well to keep up and stand amongst the developed countries in the world.
8. Jan Mayen
Considered as a part of Norway, this volcano crawled island is totally dependent upon the financial support from Norwegian administration and governance. With having no existence of natural resources due to volcanoes, Jan Mayen’s economy is dependent upon the radio and meteorological services.
9. Singapore
The hard work and exceptional success of Singapore doesn’t need any further introduction as the country has surfed a marvelous development era despite of lacking natural resources. The economy is dependent upon the importing of raw material and then exporting of refined products from those raw materials. Apart from that, Singapore has one of the strongest Information Technology Systems in the world which have made it able to be called amongst the Asian Tigers.

10. Gibraltar
Located at North of Spain, this small resource deprived country has managed to stable the economy; all the credit to the tourism, internet gaming as well as shipping and financial services. The internal affairs of the country are handled by its own government but the defense and foreign affairs of the nation are handled by the United Kingdom. Besides all that, Gibraltar’s hard work in way to success is an appreciable fact.
See more of your interest:

Top 10 Largest Oil Exporting Countries

Oil is no doubt the biggest natural blessing for countries because it is in some way the backbone of country’s development. The whole infrastructure is based upon the oil as it is a necessity for daily routine tasks. Transportation, industrial machines, automobiles, power plants and all other mechanical works are largely dependent on it. It is the biggest blessing of nature which has the ability to boost up the economy of any country so as to contributing massively towards the nation’s development. Of course no one in this world would deny the importance and impact of oil as it can take country’s economy sky high within a matter of some duration. Undoubtedly, there isn’t even a single country in the world which has no fuel consumption. The international trading is based upon imports and exports which are only be possible by the use of oil in transportation.

Saudi Arabia is not only the world’s biggest exporter of oil but also one of its largest producers which is the dominant force in OPEC that significantly affects the global energy markets by curbing or increasing production. Competition from countries exporting crude oil can also affect Saudi Arabia’s share in global markets but Saudi Arabia aims to maintain its crude oil market share and kept its oil export levels highest in the world. It has daily exports of refined and rich oil of about 7.6 millions barrels.

Numerous countries are also overtaking the other ones in terms of oil production and exporting process. One of them is the Russian Federation which is now tagged as one of world’s largest oil exporter with total contribution in world’s production is about 12.65 percent. Its oil production stands at about 10,730,000 BB/day, exported more than 5.01 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil and lease condensate in 2014, based on data from the Federal Customs Service of Russia.  Its economy largely depends on energy exports: oil and natural gas revenues accounted for 68% of total export value in 2013. Listed below ten largest oil exporting countries which export most oil to the world.

Ranking Country Oil Export Rate (BB/day)
1 Saudi Arabia 7,635,000
2 Russia 5,010,000
3 Iran 2,523,000
4 United Arab Emirates 2,395,000
5 Norway 2,184,000
6 Iraq 2,170,000
7 Kuwait 2,127,000
8 Nigeria 2,102,000
9 Canada 1,929,000
10 United States 1,920,000


From various sources, it is confirmed that Saudi Arabia is the largest oil exporter in the world. Back in 2009, their total exports reduced to much extent but that didn’t affect their progress as they continued to be more dominant in oil exporting in the whole world and now the largest percentage of total world’s oil export is from Saudi Arabia which is a big plus for the Holy country.

See more of your interest:

Top 5 Rubber Producing Countries


Natural rubber or caoutchouc is a natural amalgamation of organic compounds, mainly isoprene and some others including water. Latex is the main harvest that is collected as a fruit form the trees. Latex is being extracted through incisions made in the bark of the tapped tree. This basic production method is called tapping. The laborers who are mostly women serve the labor-intensive job to get the  pouring material. The sticky and white colloid gives forms of polyisoprene classified as elastomers; this form of natural rubber is used by the manufacturers in the production of many end products. The latex of the crop is the basic ingredient with the properties like large stretching ratio, flexibility, strength and resilience. The refined and processed latex has a wide commercial use with extensive range of applications in industrial and commercial sector.

More than 80% of the ‘NR’ comes from Southeast Asia. Latex collected and produced is in metric tonnes. Be mindful that its not the production of synthetic rubber, its natural rubber (NR).

Here is a tabulation of top 5 rubber producers in the world.

Rank Country  Production in Metric Tonnes (2011)  % of the World Total  Percent Change (from 2010)
1  Thailand   3,348,897 m/t   29.6% + 9.73%
 2 Indonesia  3,088,400 m/t   27.3%  + 12.92%
3 Malaysia  996,673 m/t 8.8%  + 10.86%
 4  India  891,344 m/t   7.9%  + 3.40%
 5   Vietnam    789,635 m/t  7.0%  + 5.04%

 

Sorce : FAOSTAT


Do you know:

China, India and Malaysia combine consume 48% of global rubber – the consumption comes within the ANRPC (Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries) as the countries are the members of the global rubber body. This is due to the fact that the countries have extensive use of natural and synthetic rubber in the developed tire sectors. The elite producers from the association are the major consumers of the product. The use is not seized to the tire industries solely, the general rubber goods such its use in clothing, surgical instruments, belting, shoe industry/footwear and hoses etc also has implications.

Hevea brasiliensis, genus Hevea belonging to Euphorbiaceae family of Plant Kingdom, native to Brazil is the standard and almost exclusive source aiding commercial production. The specie indigenous to Brazil concentrated by the industry botanists is cultivated and harvested in different countries across the world by the producers of the crop.

The rubber industry started developing in the world in 1800s after the efforts and then successful attempts of industry botanists and chemists to invent the revolutionary processes of vulcanization and masticator. The demand of the rubber got rapidly increased with the invention of solid and then pneumatic rubber tire. The demand for the rubber insulation and rubberized products were a cause to further nourished the production and supply and thus concluded in the development of modern rubber industry.

See more of your interest:

 

Top 10 Largest Oil Producing Countries in the World


Oil is the most common commodity to trade and valuable source of energy that has become more or less an important demand of every country across the world. Oil is essential for running economic cycle and disruption of its production may turn into disaster for the economy that’s why many countries resort to maintain large reverses of it to deal with any uncertainty. Countries with largest proven oil reserves are luckiest one in today’s world and if they start production  of it at large scale they would surely come in richest countries of the world with highest per capita income. The significant growth of transportation sector in some countries such as China and India putting great pressure on demand, forcing oil production to increase to keep price stable. It is estimated that in a few coming year, half of world’s demand growth will come from China. Based on the BP report, world’s Top 10 largest oil producers for 2013 are listed below; report is given in per day production of crude oil.

Top 10 Largest Oil Producing Countries in the world 2013

Rank Country Thousand barrels daily (2013) Share of world’s production
1. Saudi Arabia 11525 13.1%
2. Russian Federation 10788 12.9%
3. United States 10003 10.8%
4. China 4180 5.0%
5. Canada 3948 4.7%
6. United Arab Emirates 3646 4.0%
7. Iran 3558 4.0%
8. Iraq 3141 3.7%
9. Kuwait 3126 3.7%
10. Mexico 2875 3.4%

 

 

Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest oil producer with 11.75 million barrels per day production that amounted to 13% of world’s supply.  At the end of 2013, country’s proven reserves accounted for 15.8% of global reserves whereas its domestic demand stood at 3075 bbl/day. US and China are the world’s leading oil consumers, despite of being listed in top ten largest producers, both countries import oil to meet domestic needs.

Source: BP statistical review of world energy 2014

Related Articles:

Top 10 Countries with Most Natural Resources in the World


More or less every country is blessed with natural resources but Country with most reserves is luckiest one of the world since every need of human being meets from its environment. Natural resources add considerable amounts to a country’s wealth, empowers government with an opportunity to raise living standard of its occupants and creating welfare society that satisfy every need of masses. Its play an important role in building strong economy , No one can deny its importance but only those countries can take advantage from them which are exploring and extracting at fastest rate to get as much wealth as possible. In this article, you will get authentic information about world’s top ten countries with most natural resources.

Many countries are enriched with largest treasury of mineral which are not only expensive but also rare and extracting can make them the richest countries of the world. Based on authentic and verified sources we have prepared list of top 10 Countries which are blessed with highest amount of natural resources in the world.

Top 10 Countries with Most Natural Reserves in the world


1. Russia: $75.7 trillion

Russia is the world’s richest country which has most natural resources of worth 75.7 trillion dollars. It has world’s biggest holding of timber and gas. So far as coal and gold reserves are concerned it stands at second and third position in the world.

2. United States of America: $45 trillion

US is the second largest country having most natural resources of value $45 trillion. About 32.2 % of world’s coal reserves are found in United States having estimated worth of $30 trillion while 750 million acres land is covered with forest of worth $11 trillion. About 89 % of country’s resources is contributed by Timber and coal whereas copper, gold and natural gas are so much to be ranked in top five countries.

World’s Largest Uranium Producing Countries

Production of uranium is escalating in most countries to meet the growing demand for power generation in the world. Main growth in its production comes in developed countries, where the technology is advanced, to meet the large demand for electricity. Situ Leach Mining is the safest and cost effective techniques of uranium extraction which is largely applied by 46% of its global production. Most countries had open new mines for it with the recovery of its prices in 2003. In 2013, four Largest companies named KazAtomProm, Cameco, Areva and ARMZ marketed 60% of the world’s uranium mine production. Here we have list of its largest producers countries as per World Nuclear Association report 2014.

Largest Producer of Uranium

 

 

Kazakhstan is the world’s largest producer of uranium from mines which accounted for 38% of global production from mines in 2013. It holds 12% of the world’s uranium resources having highest annual supply of 22,550 tonnes in 2013. It is now producing nuclear fuel pellets with an aims to capture 30% of the global fuel fabrication market by 2015.The country is on its way to develop new reactors with collaboration of Russian for its own use and export. Situ leach mining has been sharply increasing its global share, mainly due to Kazakhstan. Canada and Australia stand at second and third largest producer having world’s share of 16% and 11% respectively. These top three producers account for 64% of global uranium production.
Source: World Nuclear Association

See more of your interest:

Top 10 Largest Producers of Gold In the World


The beautiful, shiny and soft metal is the demand of every human being on earth. Gold has fascinated most cultures around the world, viewed by most people as a symbol of wealth and prosperity. Its production is now gone global, with 90 countries presently mining for the valuable metal. However, top 20 gold-producing countries meet 75% of global demand each year. It is considered as safe investment in the world. Its demand is continuously increasing since it is now being used in watches, rings, necklaces, earrings ans as an investment. If price decrease, demand for gold products go high because people buy it as an investment to gain from price fluctuation.It is found in different countries of the world, from South Africa and Australia to Russia and Peru. More than 60 % of global production are contributed by top ten largest producers. Economists consider it as standard for monetary policies and most countries tie the value of their currency to gold. In 2012, companies output was 2,700 tons, according to the US Geological Survey. Let’s take a look at the Top 10 Gold Producing Countries in the World.

Top 10 Largest Producers of Gold In the World

Rank Country Annual Production 2012 (tons)
1. China 403
2. Australia 253
3. United States 230
4. Russia 205
5. South Africa 170
6. Peru 165
7. Ghana 119
8. Canada 102
9. Indonesia 95
10. Uzbekistan 90

 

 

China is the world’s largest producer of Gold with annual supply of 403 tons in 2012. Its output increased by 100% since 2003, ranked as global leader since 2007. Zijin Mining Group is the largest producer of china. It is also the top consumer of gold. The country accounted for 13.7% of the global production in 2012. Most of its production is taking place in Shandong. Its annual production is continuously increasing that pulled hundreds of millions of people out of poverty.

Australia is the second largest producer of gold in the world with annual supply of 253 tons in 2012, contributed 9.31% of global output. Western Australia contributes 70% of country’s supply. It has total reserves of 7,400 tons (13.7% of world’s reserves). It is one of the country’s top exports, which generate more than $14 billion annually.

See more of your interest:

Which Country Produces the most Diamonds

A diamond is the world’s most beautiful and precious stone that greatly enhance the beauty of wearer. It is considered as the symbol of status, pure love and royalty. It plays an important role in driving economic growth and prosperity in countries around the world where diamond is being produced. In poor African countries, revenue from its production are now being used in building economy, infrastructure and fight against HIV/AIDS. Most of its resources are present in Africa where large reserves are still unexplored.For a long time, Africa was leading the world in its production since Diamond-producing countries were only concentrated in Africa which contributed major portion of  global supply but it is no longer the only continent to produce it. Now its production has spread to many parts of the world. Large diamond reserves are now being discovered in other continents. Russia and Canada have grown rapidly in this field, paying special attention on modernizing its cutting and polishing sector and continuously diversify the global supply of gem-quality diamond production. African countries are accounted for 65% of world production. Canada, Russia and Australia are also capturing the major share of global market.

Top Ten Countries with Most Diamond Production in the World



Russia is the largest diamond producing country in the world, contributing to 25% of the global supply. ALROSA is the leading company which accounted for 97% of country’s production. Yakutia and Arkhangelsk Oblast account for 80% and 18% of total Russian reserves. The country is among the top largest mineral industries of the world with most abundant natural resources. High Gem quality diamonds are being produced which are getting high appraisal value in the international market. Natural resources are the major export products of the country.

Botswana is the biggest producer of diamonds in term of value, which accounts for 20% of the global supply. Half of government revenue comes from this industry, contributing approx 40% of country’s GDP. Jwaneng, the world’s richest diamond mine by value, is also present in Botswana.

See more of your interest: