Most of us want to know does country’s economic progress is affected by ethnic diversity of the country? And the answer is yes. It is seen that the least ethnic diverse countries are less likely to be engage in civil war and political violence while most likely to experience democratic transitions or strong democracy. The existence of homogeneous ethnic group represents the harmony and mutual understanding between people belonging to various cultures residing within the country. Obviously there are the countries in the world which have multi-culture based society and serve a great enjoyment spot for the foreign tourists and visitors. Mostly the countries belonging to Asian continent are the ones with the culture based people from various casts, religions and beliefs. The positive aspect of least ethnic diverse nation is the establishment of feelings of harmony and peace between different people residing inside and is considered as the great blessing for economy. Furthermore culture of every nation in the world is based upon the ethnic implementations by its ancestors and from there on, each country represents its unique and different ethnic image.
The “average country” has about five ethnic groups that are larger than 1 percent of the population, with half of the world’s countries having between three and six such groups. To shed more light on ethnic diversity here we have tabulated the data from Fearon’s Analysis containing the information regarding the least ethnically diversified countries.
As according to the Fearon’s analysis about ethnic diversity of countries in the world, North Korea took the lead with Ethnic Fraction Index of just 0.002; probably least as compared to all other nations in the world. South Korea, Japan and Tunisia stood at 2nd, 3rd and 4th spot that have racially homogeneous societies.
|Country||Ethnic Fractionalization Index||Ethnic groups|
|North Korea||0.002||Racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese|
|South Korea||0.004||Homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)|
|Japan||0.012||“Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)”
|Tunisia||0.039||Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%|
|Portugal||0.04||Homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal|
|Italy||0.04||Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)|
|Poland||0.047||Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%|
|Greece||0.059||Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)|
|Netherlands||0.077||Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Caribbean 0.8%, other 4.8% (2008 est.)|
|Yemen||0.078||Predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans|
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