The 30 Countries Spending Most On Defense
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The 30 Countries Spending Most On Defense


Military spending is most important to national defense, sovereignty and security of country’s economic benefits. Significance of such expenditure can’t be ignored, even in financial and economic crisis, military spending or defense expenditure always remains high. Each country’s spending depends on its own need and ability that is defined by real or perceived threats, availability of economic resources and foreign policies. It is obverse that natural resources is the factor most involved in increased military spending and arms imports in the developing world. Geopolitics and strategic interests are still factors to project or maintain power in pursuit of global and regional influence. Regional disputes have also caused countries to increase the size of their military. Significant defense budget in the whole terrorist resort neighboring countries to spend most on defense. Countries with highest GDP growth are able to spend highest on military but it retard economic growth and also delete resources while on the other hand, some countries rely on affiliations and regional alliances to maintain a capable fighting force and divert their economic resources to public projects.

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) measures military exports, imports and expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product for most of the world’s armed countries. The Defense Spending Budget means resources deployed to maintain and strengthen military.

Below are the countries that spend the most on the military in term of % of GDP.

Rank Country % of GDP
2013 2012 2011 2012
1 Oman 11.3 15.8 9.5 8.3
2 Saudi Arabia 9.3 7.9 7.2 8.6
3 Afghanistan 6.3 3.6 4.8 3.7
4 Israel 5.6 5.8 6 6.4
5 Algeria 4.8 4.5 4.4 3.5
6 Angola 4.8 3.6 3.5 4.2
7 Azerbaijan 4.7 4.7 4.7 2.8
8 Myanmar 4.5 4.6 2.6 . .
9 Lebanon 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.2
10 Russia/USSR 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8
11 Mauritania 4 . . . . . .
12 Armenia 4 3.8 3.9 4.3
13 Bahrain 3.9 3.1 3 3
14 Morocco 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.5
15 USA 3.8 4.4 4.7 4.8
16 Iraq 3.6 2.8 3.3 2.6
17 Jordan 3.5 4 4.8 5
18 Zimbabwe 3.4 3.2 2.2 1.3
19 Colombia 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.6
20 Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
21 Namibia 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6
22 Kyrgyzstan 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.8
23 Kuwait 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.6
24 Pakistan 3 3 2.9 2.8
25 Ukraine 3 2.6 2.4 2.7
26 Swaziland 2.9 2.8 2.8 3
27 Yemen 2.9 3.4 3 . .
28 Korea, South 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
29 Sri Lanka 2.8 2.6 3 3.1
30 Georgia 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.9
Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

The 30 countries which spent the most US dollar on military. The United States is by far the largest military spender, according to SIPRI.

Rank Country Military Expenditure in US$ (millions)
2013 2012 2011
1 USA 640221 684780 711338
2 China, P. R. 188460 167712 147268
3 Russia/USSR 87837 81079 70238
4 Saudi Arabia 66996 56498 48531
5 France 61228 60058 64633
6 UK 57891 58500 60284
7 Germany 48790 46488 48164
8 Japan 48604 59564 60452
9 India 47398 47214 49634
10 Korea, South 33937 31660 30884
11 Italy 32657 33746 38149
12 Brazil 31456 33988 36932
13 Australia 23963 26158 26610
14 Turkey 19085 18109 17181
15 Canada 18460 20379 20474
16 Israel 16032 15066 15510
17 Colombia 13003 11706 10307
18 Spain 12765 13918 13990
19 Taiwan 10530 10715 9998
20 Algeria 10402 9326 8652
21 Netherlands 10328 10596 11654
22 Singapore 9759 9353 8921
23 Poland 9257 8986 9455
24 Oman 9246 12334 6668
25 Iraq 7896 6054 5905
26 Indonesia 7840 7770 5838
27 Mexico 7838 6979 6472
28 Pakistan 7641 7479 6955
29 Norway 7235 7143 7232
30 Sweden 6519 6239 6324
Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

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0 0 4321 23 January, 2015 Defense January 23, 2015

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